The red variety comes from Portugal, Synonyms are Barocca, Barocca, Barroco, Boca de Mina, Tinta Barocca, Tinta das Baroccas, Tinta Gorda, Tinta Grossa and Tinta Vigaria. Despite seemingly indicative synonyms or morphological She may not share similarities with the varieties Carrega Tinto. Grossa and Marufo (all synonymous with Tinta Grossa) or Touriga Franca be confused. According to 2013 were done DNA analysis it comes from a presumably natural crossing Marufo x Touriga Nacional, However, this is based on only 20 DNA markers (see molecular Genetics ). Incidentally, Touriga Franca was born from the same parents.
The early-ripening, high-yielding vine is sensitive to heat, as well as prone to Botrytis and both mildews, It has thick-skinned berries with a high sugar content and provides rich, rich in alcohol and rustic red wines with aromas of cherry and blackberry. The variety counts in the area Douro to the three main red for the port wine, Furthermore, she will also be in the field Távora-Varosa cultivated. The Portuguese acreage in 2010 totaled 5,939 hectares. Other stocks existed in 2010 Chile (1 ha) and South Africa (231 ha). The variety occupied in 2010 a total of 6,171 hectares of vineyards. Compared to 2000 with then 6,052 hectares, there was a small increase. It occupies the worldwide varieties ranking the rank 100.
Source : Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images : Ursula Brühl, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI), Federal Research Center for Cultivated Plants,
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