The red grape variety comes from Portugal, Synonyms are Baroccas, Barocca, Barroco, Boca de Mina, Tinta Barocca, Tinta das Baroccas, Tinta Gorda, Tinta Grossa and Tinta Vigaria. Despite apparently indicative synonyms or morphological It must not be similar to the varieties Carrega Tinto. Grossa and Marufo (all with the synonym Tinta Grossa) or Touriga Franca be confused. According to 2013 DNA analysis it comes from a presumably natural crossing Marufo x Touriga Nacional, However, this is based on only 20 DNA markers (see below molecular Genetics ). Incidentally, Touriga Franca also came from the same parents.
The early ripening, productive vine is sensitive to heat, as well as susceptible to Botrytis and both mildews, It has thick-skinned berries with a high sugar content and produces colorful, alcohol-rich and rustic red wines with aromas of cherry and blackberry. The variety counts in the area Douro to the three most important red ones for the port wine, Furthermore, it is also in the area Távora-Varosa cultured. The Portuguese acreage in 2010 totaled 5,939 hectares. There were further stocks in 2010 Chile (1 ha) and South Africa (231 ha). The variety occupied a total of 6,171 hectares of vineyards in 2010. There was a small increase compared to 2000 with 6,052 hectares at that time. It documents worldwide varieties ranking rank 100.
Source : Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images : Ursula Brühl, Julius Kühn-Institut (JKI), Federal Research Center for Cultivated Plants,
Institute for Grapevine Breeding Geilweilerhof - 76833 Siebeldingen, GERMANY