The red grape variety comes from Portugal; the name means "red dog", but the meaning is unknown. Synonyms are Castellana Negra, Farmento, Farnento, Teinta Cam, Tinta Cam, Tinta Cão, Tintilla Castellana and Tinto Cam. Due to apparently indicative synonyms or morphological No similarities to the variety padeiro (Tinto Cão) can be confused. The parentage is unknown. As was done in 2003 DNA analysis could connect to the varieties Tinta Francisca and Viosinho consist. The variety was a cross partner of the new breed Olmo grapes,
It was already in the fields in the 17th century dão and Douro known where it is still mainly grown today. The very late-ripening, low-yield vine with thick-skinned berries is resistant to Botrytis, It produces deep-colored, alcohol-rich fruity red wines with aromas of wild flowers. Tinto Cão is one of the five most important varieties for the Port wine production, The total area under cultivation in Portugal in 2010 was 369 hectares, with the tendency falling sharply; ten years earlier it was 556 hectares (Statistics Kym Anderson ). In Australia (Victoria) and California there are also small stocks.
Source : Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images : Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn-Institut (JKI), Federal Research Center for Cultivated Plants,
Institute for Grapevine Breeding Geilweilerhof - 76833 Siebeldingen, GERMANY