The red variety comes from Portugal; the name means "red dog", but the meaning is unknown. Synonyms include Castellana Negra, Farmento, Farnento, Teinta Cam, Tinta Cam, Tinta Cão, Tintilla Castellana and Tinto Cam. It may be based on apparently suggestive synonyms or morphological Similarities not with the variety padeiro (Tinto Cão) are confused. The parentage is unknown. According to done in 2003 DNA analysis could be a connection to the varieties Tinta Francisca and Viosinho consist. The variety was crossing partner of the new breed Olmo grapes,
It was already in the 17th century in the fields dão and Douro known, where it is still mainly grown today. The very late-ripening, low-yielding vine with thick-skinned berries is resistant to Botrytis, It produces deep-colored, alcohol-rich fruity red wines with aromas of wild flowers. Tinto Cão is one of the five main varieties for the Port wine production, The Portuguese acreage in 2010 totaled 369 hectares, with a steep decline; Ten years ago, there were 556 hectares (Statistics Kym Anderson ). In Australia (Victoria) and California There are also small stocks.
Source : Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Photos : Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI), Federal Research Center for Cultivated Plants,
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