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The term tithe (cent, cent, tenth, tenth) is derived from the Latin "decenia" and denotes an approximately ten percent tax in the form of money or in kind. The levy had to be paid to religious (especially the Roman Catholic church or their monasteries) or secular (such as landlords and rulers) institutions. A tenth is already in the Bible in the 5th book Moses (Deuteronomy) as yield of grain, oil and Wine, as well as mentioned by the first birth of cattle and sheep. Toe payments were common until the late Middle Ages towards the end of the 15th century. The tithe court (Zehenthof) was the court in the legal history of the Middle Ages, which was often given the right to a temporary lease and to which the due tithe (tithe) had to be delivered to the landlord in the agreed performance or form.

Tithing - delivery of farmers to clergymen in Württemberg in 1820

Many mostly very old wineries with a long tradition in the German-speaking area are located on the site of former toe yards or are still used in numerous companies and businesses Flurnamen contain. The four wineries are prominent examples in Germany Johannisberg Castle (Rheingau) Baron von Gleichenstein (To bathe), Tenth farm family Weickert (Francs) and Zehntkeller (Francs) as well as the single layer Centgrafenberg (Franconia), as well as the three wineries in Austria Hirsch Johannes (Kamp), Lenz Moser AG (Kremstal) and Klosterneuburg (Lower Austria). Even when generating kosher wine Zehent has an important ritual meaning. See also under Customs in viticulture,

Left picture: Public domain, link
Right: By Johann Baptist Pflug , public domain, link

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