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tithe

The term tithe (cent, cent, tenth, tenth) is derived from the Latin "decenia" and refers to an approximately ten percent tax in the form of money or natural. The charge had to be religious (especially the Roman Catholic church or their monasteries) or secular (such as landlords and rulers) institutions are made. A toe is already in the Bible in the 5th book of Moses (Deuteronomy) as a yield of grain, oil and Wine, as well as from the first birth of the cattle and sheep mentioned. Toe performances were common until the late Middle Ages towards the end of the 15th century. The Zehnthof (Zehenthof) was in the legal history of the Middle Ages the court, which was often transferred to temporary lease the right and to which the tithe due (Zehent) in the agreed performance or form was to be delivered to the landlord.

Zehent - surrender of farmers to clergyman in Württemberg 1820

Many mostly very old wineries with a long tradition in the German-speaking area are located on the site of former toe farms or is the term still used today in numerous business and leisure centers Flurnamen contain. Prominent examples in Germany are the four wineries Castle Johannisberg (Rheingau) Baron von Gleichenstein (To bathe), Zehnthof family Weickert (Francs) and Zehntkeller (Swiss francs) and the individual situation Centgrafenberg (Franconia), as well as in Austria the three wineries Stag Johannes (Kamp), Lenz Moser AG (Kremstal) and Stift Klosterneuburg (Lower Austria). Also in the production of kosher wine Zehent has an important ritual meaning. See also below Customs in viticulture,

Picture left: Public domain, Link
Picture right: By Johann Baptist Pflug , Public domain, Link

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