Designation (also "Bescheidtun") for the ritual form of alcohol consumption, whereby the drinker wishes to honor by drinking a deceased or living person or a group of people by the dedication of the trunks. By drinking is also meant the reciprocal greeting. Often a short speech is given or at least a suitable one toast pronounced. The drinking is in addition to the already in the Old Testament of Bible described welcome with bread and wine as one of the oldest drinking customs of humanity. As long as the others drank, a man was not allowed to retire, even to the limit of unconsciousness. This should make a man strong. Non-gratification of drinking was often considered a serious insult. The result could be social, social and economic exclusion, as well as physical attacks. A certain role played thereby also the conviction that according to the saying "In vino veritas" Under the influence of alcohol the true character of a person is shown. Due to these circumstances, there were very often to Trinkexzessen with blows to manslaughter.
From the late Middle Ages was therefore preached increasingly by the church side, but also by the humanists against the "devil alcohol". Martin Luther (1483-1546) spoke about the "devilish habit of overeating" . In Austria ( Wien ), the excessive use of alcohol in word and writing was opposed by the clergy Abraham a Sancta Clara (1644-1709) and Johann quickly (1540-1612). Already in 1495 a Baden regional order prohibited drinking, in the area of Bamberg from 1516 on, drinkers and the innate innards were punished with three Rhenish guilders or three days with water and bread. Similar regulations existed in many other areas. For example, in the year 1525 in South Tyrol "drinking water" was banned in the "Meran Articles" and described as "quite outrageous vice" , because "not only the men, but also women and virgins were worshiped and made full" . As a result, in some countries, the legislation on this influence and it formed the so-called Zechrecht out.
In student connections, the word "Schmollis" was and is still offered today, which is confirmed by "Fiducit!" And "drinking out". This is derived from the Latin "sis mihi mollis amicus" (meaning "Be a close friend!"). A special, ritualized form of drinking is in many student connections as part of the academic drinking culture common. A couleur student honors another by drinking a certain amount of alcohol. As a rule, these are mainly about beer, This is done according to the rules of the beer Comments usually with the words: "Dear color brother, Couleurname '(bi name, nickname), I bring you a wide (huge) strip" . According to the respective rules, it is now up to the honoree to also drink the honorary, or may be required to do so. Foxes (novices) can only feed lads (full members) via the Fox Major (junior advisor), but among themselves. The rules are different for each connection.
The "Salamander" (also Schoppensalamander) is a solemn form in honor of guests of the Association or particularly deserving brothers. A salamander is "rubbed" on command. To this end, all participants stand up and drink to the command "ad exercitium salamandri" (Latin for "execution of the salamander") with the call cheers her glass as completely as possible. Then the glasses are rubbed or rattled on the table and at the same time clearly audible on a command once or three times dropped off simultaneously on the table with a short loud beat. In the case of death, a silent mourning salamander in honor of the deceased is customary in this case (ie without rubbing or rattling). The glass of the faded is shattered afterwards. In all rituals in German-speaking countries the toast is " cheers "In use.
Other uses regarding alcohol consumption are under Customs in viticulture. Drink Brotherhood. libation. toasts and Quotes describe. Which quantities of alcohol are probably not harmful to health, is under health explained with further information. Regarding alcohol abuse of the antiquity to modern times with bizarre stories and prominent protagonists, see below intoxication and drinking culture,