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Term (also called Torggl or Torkel) for the tree press already known to the Romans, which was still widely used until the Middle Ages. The name is derived from the Latin "torquere" (turning), since the tree was lowered by turning. In southwestern Germany and Switzerland, that's the name Trotte common. The Roman politician and writer Cato the Elder (234-149 BC) described the construction of such a press very precisely. The grapes were first pounded with their feet or crushed with pistons and then subjected to the lever pressure of a 12 to 14 meter long oak trunk.

Tree press in Salem Castle with 11 m long wicker

In South-Tirol is still the term "torggeln" or "torggln" for that Press of the grapes in use. A custom practiced there with a cozy get-together with a hearty meal and wine is called Toerggelen, The picture above shows a tree press in Salem Castle (former Cistercian Monastery ) in to bathe - Wuerttemberg from 1706 with an approximately 11 meter long “torkel tree”. The picture below shows a tree press in the Rocca d'Angera castle on Lake Maggiore ( Lombardy ). See also under Customs in viticulture,

Torggel - tree press at Rocca d’Angera Castle in Lombardy

Above: By CrazyD - self-photographed , CC BY-SA 3.0 , link
Picture below: By Stephan Tournay - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0 , Link

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