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Touraine

The regional appellation in the eastern area of the middle Loire is named after the city and Episcopal Tours. It closes in the east of the area Anjou-Saumur on. Both the city and viticulture dates back to Roman times. According to a legend here was in the 4th century the pruning invented as the donkey of the later canonized Martin of Tours consumed young vine shoots. The name derives from the Gallic tribe of Turonen. The area was early called the garden of France and was in the Middle Ages and the Renaissance, the preferred residence of the French kings. Their numerous castles are known, such as Amboise, Azay -le-Rideau, Chenonceau, Chinon, Loches and Villandry. In the Château Clos Lucé (part of the Château Amboise complex) lived Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519) for three years until his death.

Château Amboise
By Lieven Smits - Own Work , CC BY-SA 3.0 , Link

The vineyards cover 5,500 hectares of vineyards on steep slopes on both sides of the Loire and the tributaries Cher, Indre and Vienne. Under the simple AOC Touraine are produced rather young to drinking wines. The white wines are going out Sauvignon Blanc with shares of Chenin Blanc (here Pineau de la Loire), Arbois and Chardonnay blended. The reds and rosé wines are out Gamay (60% of the stock), Cabernet Franc (here Breton), Cabernet Sauvignon, Malbec ( Cot ) Grolleau Noir and Pineau d'Aunis vinified.

There are also three community appellations with stricter provisions. The AOC Touraine-Amboise with 160 hectares in the municipality of Amboise with seven surrounding communities applies to white, red and rosé wines. The AOC Touraine-Azay-le-Rideau with 150 hectares in eight municipalities on both banks of the Indre applies to white and rosé wines. The AOC Touraine-Mesland with 200 hectares in the municipality of Mesland with five surrounding communities applies to white, red and rosé wines. The classified only in 2001 AOC Touraine Noble-Joué with 21 hectares of vines applies to Vin gris (Rosé wine) mainly Pinot gris, such as Pinot Meunier and Pinot Noir, Such a wine from the area around the city of Tours was already at the court of the French king Louis XI. (1423-1483) drunk. The two AOC Touraine Mousseux and Touraine Pétillant apply to sparkling or sparkling wines.

Well-known producers are Bouvet Ladubay Château de Chenonceau, Château Gaillard, Château de la Presle, Domaine des Corbillières, Domaine Gibault, Domaine Henri Marionnet, Domaine Jacky Marteau, Domaine Michaud, Domaine du Pre Baron and Domaine du Vieux Pressoir. Other municipal appellations are Bourgueil. Chinon. Cheverny. Coteaux du Loir. Coteaux du Vendômois. Jasnières. Montlouis-sur-Loire and Vouvray,

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