The red variety comes from Portugal, Since 2002, due to a complaint by the French wine lobby and a court order, the former name Touriga Francesca may no longer be used. Synonyms include Albino de Souza, Esgana Cão Tinto, Tinta Barca, Touriga Frances, Touriga Francesa and Tourigo Francês. It may despite seemingly suggestive synonyms and morphological Similarities not with the others Touriga varieties or Tinta da Barca be confused. These are not mutation the white species Sercial (Esgana Cão). According to the year 2011 DNA analysis it is a presumably natural crossing Marufo x Touriga Nacional, With the same parents is also the variety Tinta Barroca (which is based on only 12 DNA markers, see under molecular Genetics ).
The medium to late-ripening, yield-stable vine is somewhat prone to Botrytis but generally resistant to many other vine diseases. It produces dark-colored, fragrant red wines with fine tannins, as well as a variety of aromas of forest fruits, wildflowers, violets and herbs. These are mainly used for blending. The variety is mainly in the area Douro as here most common red, as well Alentejo. dão. Península de Setúbal. Ribatejo. Tejo and Tras-os-Montes grown. It is considered one of the best varieties for the port wine,
In 2010, the Portuguese acreage amounted to 11,582 hectares. In South Africa three hectares were designated. More acreage may exist in California and Australia, although it is not clear by the use of the name Touriga, whether it is Touriga Franca and / or Touriga Nacional. The variety took in 2010 a total of 11,586 hectares of vineyards. Compared to 1990, at that time 6,674 hectares, this means almost a doubling. It occupies the worldwide varieties ranking the rank 60.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012