The red grape variety comes from Portugal, Since 2002, the former name Touriga Francesca may no longer be used due to a complaint by the French wine lobby and a court order. Synonyms are Albino de Souza, Esgana Cão Tinto, Tinta Barca, Touriga Frances, Touriga Francesa and Tourigo Francês. Despite apparently indicative synonyms and morphological No similarities to the others Touriga varieties or Tinta da Barca be confused. It is not one mutation of the white variety Sercial (Esgana Cão). According to in 2011 DNA analysis it is probably a natural crossing Marufo x Touriga Nacional, With the same parents, the variety is also Tinta Barroca emerged (which, however, is based on only 12 DNA markers; see under molecular Genetics ).
The medium to late ripening, profitable vine is somewhat susceptible to Botrytis but generally resistant to many other vine diseases. It produces dark-colored, fragrant red wines with fine tannins, as well as diverse aromas of forest fruits, wild flowers, violets and herbs. These are mainly used for blending. The variety is mainly in the field Douro as the most common red, but also Alentejo. dão. Península de Setúbal. Ribatejo. Tejo and Tras-os-Montes grown. It is considered one of the best varieties for the port wine,
In 2010 the Portuguese acreage was 11,582 hectares. In South Africa three hectares were designated. There may be more acreage in California and Australia, although it is not clear from the use of the name Touriga whether it is Touriga Franca and / or Touriga Nacional. The variety occupied a total of 11,586 hectares of vineyards in 2010. Compared to 1990 with 6,674 hectares at the time, this almost doubled. It documents worldwide varieties ranking the rank 60.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012