The red grape variety comes from Portugal. Synonyms are Azal Espanhol, Bical, Bical Tinto, Mortagua, Mortagua Preto, Touriga, Touriga Fina, Tourigo, Tourigo Antiguo, Tourigo do Dão ( Portugal ); Touriga National ( Romania ); Carabuñera ( Spain ). Despite apparently indicative synonyms and morphological No similarities to the variety Amaral (Azal Tinto) or the other Touriga varieties be confused. There is no connection with the white variety Bical, According to 2011 and 2013 DNA analyzes, it is a parent variety of Touriga Fêmea and Touriga Franca, She was also a crossing partner in the new breeding Tarrango,
The medium-ripening, low-yielding vine is susceptible to real ones mildew and Botrytis, but resistant to heat and drought, It produces dark-colored, tannic, acidic and extract-rich red wines with significant, intense aromas of bergamot, rock rose, rosemary and violet, as well as storage potential. The variety was first mentioned in 1822 in the probable area of origin Dão, where there is probably the eponymous municipality Tourigo in the district of Viseu. It was up to Phylloxera disaster predominant in the Dão area in the 19th century. Due to their poor earnings, the population there had shrunk to 5% by the end of the 1980s. One is through clone selection and optimal documents endeavors to earnings to increase.
The acreage in 2010 was Portugal again 10,175 hectares. The variety is now used in the Alentejo, Algarve. Douro. dão. Tejo and Península de Setúbal grown. It is considered the best variety for the production of port wine, In Spain there are small stocks under the name Carabuñera. There are other stocks in the US California. Virginia and Washington, as in Argentina. Australia (48 ha), Brazil. New Zealand and South Africa (101 ha). The variety occupied a total of 10,435 hectares of vineyards in 2010 with an upward trend (ten years earlier there were 4,263 hectares). It thus proves worldwide varieties ranking rank 67.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)