The red variety comes from Portugal. Synonyms are Azal Espanhol, Bical, Bical Tinto, Mortagua, Touriz, Touriga, Tourigo, Tourigo, Tourigo Antiguo, Tourigo do Dão ( Portugal ); Touriga National ( Romania ); Carabuñera ( Spain ). It may despite seemingly suggestive synonyms and morphological Similarities not with the variety Amaral (Azal Tinto) or the other Touriga varieties be confused. There is no connection with the white variety Bical, According to DNA analysis conducted in 2011 and 2013, she is a parent of Touriga Femea and Touriga Franca, She was also crossing partner in the new breed Tarrango,
The medium-maturing, low-yielding vine is prone to real mildew and Botrytis, but resistant to heat and drought, It produces colorless, tannic, acid and extract-rich red wines with significant, intense aromas of bergamot, rock roses, rosemary and violet, as well as storage potential. The variety was first mentioned in 1822 in the probable origin range Dão, where there is probably the eponymous municipality Tourigo in the district of Viseu. She was up to Phylloxera disaster In the 19th century in the area of Dão to 95% prevailing. Due to their weak earnings, the stock has shrunk to 5% by the end of the 1980s. One is by clone selection and optimal documents endeavored to earnings to increase.
The acreage in 2010 was in Portugal again 10,175 acres. The variety is today in the areas Alentejo, Algarve. Douro. dão. Tejo and Península de Setúbal grown. It is considered the best variety for the production of port wine, In Spain There are small stocks under the name Carabuñera. Further stocks exist in the US states California. Virginia and Washington, as in Argentina. Australia (48 ha), Brazil. New Zealand and South Africa (101 ha). The variety occupied in 2010 a total of 10,435 hectares of vineyards with extremely rising trend (ten years earlier, there were 4,263 hectares). It occupies it in the worldwide varieties ranking the rank 67.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Pictures: Ursula Bruehl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)