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Geographical term (trans = beyond) or historical landscape for the area south of the 1,500 km long fold mountain range Caucasus between the Caspian and the Black Sea. These are the former USSR states today Armenia. Azerbaijan and Georgia as well as adjacent parts of the Turkey that once belonged to ancient Armenia. This area in Asia applies together with the south following Mesopotamia as one of the main candidates for the cradle or origin of wine culture. According to the latest research, however, the origin is said to lie in the adjacent Turkish southeast Anatolia. That's near the mountain Ararat in which loud Bible Noah landed and became the first wine grower.

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