Geographical term (trans = beyond) or historical landscape for the area south of the 1,500 km long fold mountain range Caucasus between the Caspian and the Black Sea. These are the former USSR states today Armenia. Azerbaijan and Georgia as well as adjacent parts of the Turkey that once belonged to ancient Armenia. This area in Asia applies together with the south following Mesopotamia as one of the main candidates for the cradle or origin of wine culture. According to the latest research, however, the origin is said to lie in the adjacent Turkish southeast Anatolia. That's near the mountain Ararat in which loud Bible Noah landed and became the first wine grower.
In the fertile foothills of this mountain (the Romans called the area the "end of the world") were mglw. already in the Stone Age from 6,000 to perhaps 8,000 years ago of humans the first ones Wild vines selected in a primitive way and produces wine-like drinks. Proof of this are the grape seeds and artifacts found in Georgia and Turkey using the radiocarbon method (C-14). In ancient times, the area was occupied by the Assyrians Dominated by Persians, Romans, Byzantines and Arabs. The conquest by the Russians was completed around 1864. These countries have greatly influenced viticulture. Partially are (especially in Georgia ) still ancient vinification techniques in use. See also below Ancient wines and Antique grape varieties,