DOC area in the northeast Portugal on the border to Spain, The name Trás-os-Montes means "behind the mountains" because it is enclosed in the west by high mountains that separate it from the rest of Portugal. It emerged from a division of the former homonymous wine region (Vinho Regional) by merging the three former IPR areas Chaves (west), Planalto-Mirandês (east) and Valpaços (center). The southern part was separated off as the country wine area Duriense classified and the port wine area Douro assigned. The wines in the area that do not comply with the DOC regulations can be called Vinho Regional transmontano be marketed. Due to the extreme climatic conditions (very hot and dry) and the prevailing shallow granite floors, viticulture is very difficult.
The huge area covers around 70,000 hectares, making it by far the largest in Portugal. The main red wines are Bastardo ( Monvedro ) Cornifesto. Malvarisco, Mourisco Tinto ( Marufo ), Tinta Amarela ( Trincadeira Preta ) Tinta Carvalha, Tinta Roriz ( Tempranillo ) Touriga Franca and Touriga Nacional, The main white wines are Assario Branco ( Malvasia Fina ) Dorinto. Fernão Pires, Gouveio ( Godello ) Rabo de Ovelha, Códega ( Síria ) and Viosinho, In terms of quantity, rosé wines are important, which are also the basis for the Mateus and deliver similar products. A specialty of the Chaves sub-area are the “Vinhos dos mortos” (wines of the dead) from Boticas. The name is derived from the traditional custom of burying the bottles in the ground for aging. Heavy, alcohol-rich red wines come from the Valpaços sub-area.