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See below vintage,

Term for the process of grape harvest. The traditionally as Vintage spell designated start was previously determined annually by the official organs and according to old custom by the Gebirgsaufschießen announced publicly. Today, this can largely be determined freely by each winemaker himself. The concept of quality late vintage has no temporal meaning anymore. In Austria you have to Prädikatswein a letter of intent is sent to the municipal office on the day of the harvest. An optimal maturity of the grapes has a decisive impact on wine quality. The phase between vintage and Press or subsequent fermentation should be as short as possible to avoid unwanted oxygen contact and flavor loss to avoid.

Grape harvest 1903 (Rudolf Epp) and vat with grapes

An important quality factor is the type and shape of the reading containers in which the grapes are stored and transported after being separated from the vine. A high-quality harvested material requires small and flat containers (as in the picture on the left) in order not to expose the grapes to excessive pressure and, if possible, to be able to bring them into the press house quickly and without injury. This reduces the risk of injury and contamination from putrefactive bacteria. Country and region specific, such as in the champagne even becomes a maximum dumping height given in centimeters. The lower the better, but also the more complex the reading process is. But it also very often becomes the traditional one Butte used.

Vintage - flat reading basket and traditional butte

The ideal time for the harvest is when the grapes strike the best possible balance between the content sugar and the declining acid exhibit. in the growth cycle this is the vine maturation respectively. physiological maturity, Several criteria influence and determine the optimal reading time. These are, among other things climate (damp weather or rain is negative, impending rot or too much water), vine (there are depending Maturity date early to late ripening varieties), intended use as wine grapes, table grapes or raisins as well as the...

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