Even the Roman universal scholar Pliny the Elder (23-79) spoke of a "Vinum trebulanum" from a place called Trebulanis in Campania. And Petrus de Crescentiis (1230-1320) described the Trebbiano in 1303 as a noble, durable wine. But it is actually wrong to speak of a grape variety. The result of a study was published in 2001. According to DNA analysis there are hardly any kinship relationships between the many Trebbiano varieties. So it would be wrong to speak of a family of grape varieties (the same phenomenon applies to the four name groups Lambrusco. Malvasia. muscatel and Vernaccia ). However, there are similarities regarding whitish-yellow berry color, grape size, frost hardiness, as well as high earnings, Some are also quite similar in taste - rather weak with little extract alcohol content, but more powerful acid, That is why they are also for distillation used.
There are many theories about the meaning or etymology of the name Trebbiano. The "trebulanum" used by Pliny is said to refer to the place Trebula, today's Treglia in the province of Caserta in Campania Respectively. Likewise, the ancient place Trebulanum in the Tuscany supposed. A third variant states that the variety after the river Trebbia in Liguria and a fourth that it is named after one of the many communities named Trebbo or Trebbio. The variety is evident in well over 100 names or synonyms that include "Trebbiano" The main Trebbiano varieties in Italy are genetically distinct:
In Italy, the Trebbiano varieties occupied around 54,000 hectares of vineyards in 2010. They are contained in around 100 DOC / DOCG wines and countless IGT wines and account for around 30% of the Italian DOC white wine production. There is also a DOC area with that part of the name that is Trebbiano d'Abruzzo, In the past, they were often recorded together in Italy, but are now shown separately. Trebbiano is also a common component of many other Italian grape variety names (synonyms):
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images: MIPAAF - National Vine Certification Service