Already the Roman polymath Pliny the Elder (23-79) spoke of a "Vinum trebulanum" from a place called Trebulanis in Campania. And Petrus de Crescentiis (1230-1320) 1303 described the Trebbiano as a noble, durable wine. But actually it is wrong to speak of a grape variety. In 2001, the result of a study was published. According to DNA analysis There are hardly any family ties between the many Trebbiano varieties. It would therefore be wrong to speak of a grape family (the same phenomenon applies to the four names Lambrusco. Malvasia. muscatel and Vernaccia ). However, similarities exist with regard to whitish-yellow berry color, grape size, frost hardiness, as well as high earnings, Also in taste, some are quite similar - rather weak in extract with low alcohol content, but stronger acid, That's why they are synonymous for distillation used.
There are many theories about the meaning or etymology of the name Trebbiano. The "trebulanum" used by Pliny is said to be in the town of Trebula, today's Treglia in the province of Caserta in Campania Respectively. Likewise the antique place Trebulanum in the Tuscany supposed. A third variant states that the variety after the river Trebbia in Liguria and a fourth, named after one of the many communities named Trebbo or Trebbio. The diversity is reflected in well over 100 names or synonyms that include "Trebbiano". The most important Trebbiano varieties in Italy are genetically different:
In Italy, the Trebbiano varieties in 2010 occupied about 54,000 hectares of vineyards. They are contained in around 100 DOC / DOCG wines and countless IGT wines and provide around 30% of Italian DOC white wine production. There is also a DOC area with this name part that is Trebbiano d'Abruzzo, Previously, they were often recorded together in Italy, but now reported separately. Trebbiano is also a common ingredient in many other Italian grape varieties (synonyms):
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Pictures: MIPAAF - National Vine Certification Service