The white grape variety comes from Italy; other main names are Ugni Blanc and Talia . The approximately 120 Synonyms testify to old age and wide distribution. Important alphabetically grouped by country are Ugni Blanc ( Argentina ); White Shiraz ( Australia ); Ugni Blanc ( Bulgaria ); Regrat ( Germany ); Armenian, Blanc de Cadillac, Clairette à Grains Ronds, Clairette de Afrique, Clairette de Vence, Clairette Ronde, Gredelin, Morterille Blanche, Muscadet Aigre, Roussan, Saint-Émilion, Saint-Émilion des Charentes, Ugni Blanc ( France ); Balsamina Bianca, Bianca di Poviglio, Botticino Bianca, Brocanico, Buzzetto, Morbidella, Procanico, Senese, Sinese, Trebbiano di Cesena, Trebbiano di Empoli, Trebbiano di Lucca, Trebbiano di Toscana, Trebbiano Fiorentino, Uva Bianca ( Italy ); Rossola Brandcina, Rossola Brandisca ( Corsica ); Rogoznicka, Šijaka, Ugni Blanc ( Croatia ); Branquinha, Alfrocheiro Branco, Douradina Branco, Douradinha, Douradinha dos Vinhos Verdes, Douradinho, Espadeiro Branco, Padeiro Branco, Tália, Thalia ( Portugal ); Uni Belyi ( Russia ); Ugni Blanc ( Uruguay ); St. Emilion ( United States ).
It may, despite apparently suggestive synonyms or morphological Similarities do not match the varieties Albanella. Biancame. Douradinha. Maceratino. Passerina. Coda di Volpe Bianca. Damaschino. Erbaluce. Fernão Pires. Macabeo. Sémillon. Trbljan. Trebbiano Spoletino or the many others Trebbiano varieties be confused. According to DNA analysis there is a genetic link with the species alionza, as well as one Parent-offspring relationship with the leader Garganega, As a small-berry sport applies Procanico (Umbria). A mutation is Ugni Blanc à Feuille Decoupée (Ugni Blanc à Feuilles Persilées). Trebbiano Toscano was crossing partner of the new breeds Chenel. Folignan. Manzoni Rosa. Nouvelle. Select and Vidal Blanc,
As the name suggests, the variety comes from the Tuscany where she was from the agronomist Giovanni Soderini (1526-1596) in his posthumously published work in 1600 together with a Malvasia (probably Malvasia Bianca Lunga ) was mentioned as the most common varieties of the region. Already in the 14th century Trebbiano Toscano was introduced in France and is known there as Ugni Blanc. The medium to late-ripening, high-yielding vine is resistant to the real mildew and Botrytis but prone to downy mildew and eutypa dieback, It produces rather low-alcohol, acid-rich white wines with a neutral taste, which is ideal for distillation suitable. The variety is represented worldwide under different names.
In Italy becomes the variety in the regions Abruzzo. Emilia-Romagna. Lazio. Lombardy. Sardinia. Tuscany. Umbria and Veneto grown. She is licensed there in numerous DOC / DOCG white wines. That's among other things Aprilia. Arborea. Bianco Capena. Bianco di Custoza. Bianco di Pitigliano. Capriano del Colle. Colli Albani. Chianti. Est! Est !! Est !!! di Montefiascone. Frascati. Gambellara. lugana. Maremma Toscana. Montecompatri-Colonna. Monteregio di Massa Marittima. montescudaio. Orcia. Parrina. Romagna. Soave. Torgiano and Trebbiano d'Abruzzo, The Italian cultivation area amounts to 22.702 hectares with decreasing trend (in the year 2000 it was 39.447 hectares).
To France It was first in the 14th century from Italy during the papacy in Avignon in the first Provence and in Languedoc and later in the départements Charente and Charente-Maritime in Southwest France introduced. But their name rarely appears on a label, because it forms under the name Ugni Blanc mainly the basis for the Armagnac and under the name Saint-Émilion for the cognac, but is also used among other things for the country wines Côtes de Gascogne used. The French acreage amounts to 83.2445 hectares with decreasing tendency (in 2000 it was 90.341 hectares).
Other stocks exist in European countries Bulgaria (723 ha), Greece (297 ha), Croatia (210 ha), Portugal (212 ha), Russia (66 ha) and Spain (45 ha). Overseas, she will be in the countries Argentina (1,922 ha), Australia (86 ha), California (80 ha), South Africa (74 ha) and Uruguay (751 ha) cultivated. The variety took in 2010 a total of 109,772 hectares of vineyards. Compared to 1990 with then 207,742 hectares, this means a reduction to around half. But it was so worldwide varieties ranking still ranked 9th
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Pictures: Ursula Bruehl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)