The white grape variety comes from Italy; other main names are Ugni Blanc and Talia . The around 120 Synonyms testify to old age and wide distribution. Important alphabetically grouped by country are Ugni Blanc ( Argentina ); White Shiraz ( Australia ); Ugni Blanc ( Bulgaria ); Regrat ( Germany ); Armenian, Blanc de Cadillac, Clairette à Grains Ronds, Clairette de Afrique, Clairette de Vence, Clairette Ronde, Gredelin, Morterille Blanche, Muscadet Aigre, Roussan, Saint-Émilion, Saint-Émilion des Charentes, Ugni Blanc ( France ); Balsamina Bianca, Bianca di Poviglio, Botticino Bianca, Brocanico, Buzzetto, Morbidella, Procanico, Senese, Sinese, Trebbiano di Cesena, Trebbiano di Empoli, Trebbiano di Lucca, Trebbiano di Toscana, Trebbiano Fiorentino, Uva Bianca ( Italy ); Rossola Brandcina, Rossola Brandisca ( Corsica ); Rogoznička, Šijaka, Ugni Blanc ( Croatia ); Branquinha, Alfrocheiro Branco, Douradina Branco, Douradinha, Douradinha dos Vinhos Verdes, Douradinho, Espadeiro Branco, Padeiro Branco, Tália, Thalia ( Portugal ); Uni Belyi ( Russia ); Ugni Blanc ( Uruguay ); St Emilion ( United States ).
Despite apparently suggesting synonyms or morphological No similarities with the varieties Albanella. Biancame. Douradinha. Maceratino. Passerina. Coda di Volpe Bianca. Damaschino. Erbaluce. Fernão Pires. Macabeo. Sémillon. Trbljan. Trebbiano Spoletino or the numerous others Trebbiano varieties be confused. According to DNA analysis there is a genetic connection with the variety alionza, as well as a Parent-offspring relationship with the leading variety Garganega, As a small berry sport applies Procanico (Umbria). A mutation is Ugni Blanc à Feuille Decoupée (Ugni Blanc à Feuilles Persilées). Trebbiano Toscano was a crossing partner of the new varieties Chenel. Folignan. Manzoni Rosa. Nouvelle. Select and Vidal Blanc,
As the name suggests, the variety comes from the Tuscany, where they are from the agronomist Giovanni Soderini (1526-1596) in his work published in 1600 posthumously together with a Malvasia (probably Malvasia Bianca Lunga ) was mentioned as the most common variety in the region. Trebbiano Toscano was introduced to France in the 14th century and is known there as Ugni Blanc. The medium to late ripening, productive vine is resistant to real ones mildew and Botrytis, however prone to downy mildew and eutypa dieback, It produces rather low-alcohol, acid-rich white wines with a neutral taste, which are excellent for distillation suitable. The variety is represented worldwide under various names.
In Italy becomes the variety in the regions Abruzzo. Emilia-Romagna. Lazio. Lombardy. Sardinia. Tuscany. Umbria and Veneto grown. It is approved in numerous DOC / DOCG white wines. These include Aprilia. Arborea. Bianco Capena. Bianco di Custoza. Bianco di Pitigliano. Capriano del Colle. Colli Albani. Chianti. Est! Est !! Est !!! di Montefiascone. Frascati. Gambellara. lugana. Maremma Toscana. Montecompatri-Colonna. Monteregio di Massa Marittima. montescudaio. Orcia. Parrina. Romagna. Soave. Torgiano and Trebbiano d'Abruzzo, The Italian acreage is 22,702 hectares with a downward trend (in 2000 it was 39,447 hectares).
To France It was first brought to Italy from the 14th century during the papacy in Avignon Provence and in Languedoc and later in the departments Charente and Charente-Maritime in Southwest France introduced. However, her name rarely appears on a label, because under the name Ugni Blanc it mainly forms the basis for the Armagnac and under the name Saint-Émilion for the cognac, but is also used for the country wines Cotes de Gascogne used. The French acreage is 83.2445 hectares with a decreasing tendency (in 2000 it was 90.341 hectares).
There are further stocks in the European countries Bulgaria (723 ha), Greece (297 ha), Croatia (210 ha), Portugal (212 ha), Russia (66 ha) and Spain (45 ha). Overseas it is in the countries Argentina (1,922 ha), Australia (86 ha), California (80 ha), South Africa (74 ha) and Uruguay (751 ha) grown. The variety occupied a total of 109,772 hectares of vineyards in 2010. Compared to 1990 with 207,742 hectares at the time, this means a reduction to around half. But it was worldwide varieties ranking still in 9th place.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)