Term (from ancient Greek trópoi Hēliou, German solstice regions) for the geographical area between the two tropics of crab with plus 23 ° and 27 'north and the ibex with minus 23 ° and 27' south latitude, on which the sun at the time of the respective solstice at noon at noon. Climatically speaking, it is the hottest climate zone on earth. Characteristic are high annual mean temperatures with low annual but large daily fluctuations, lush vegetation (rainforest, primeval forest), as well as savannas or deserts depending on the annual rainfall and the humidity,
A productive or qualitatively noteworthy viticulture is only conditional, difficult or impossible in areas with a dry and hot climate due to high heat and lack of water. In the warm and humid areas close to the equator, there is a further difficulty that is hardly controllable fungal diseases in front. In some tropical areas it will climate tempered by higher altitude and / or frequent rainfall. That is why vines can grow here all year round. With artificial irrigation can high yield with high Sugar content, but little acid and flavorings be achieved. It will be mainly table grapes and raisins, as well as dessert wines, sparkling wines or wines for the distillation produced.
Countries (or parts of them) belonging to the tropical region or the peripheral region Australia. Bolivia. Brazil. ecuador. India. Indonesia (in Bali), Cape Verde. Kenya. Colombia. Cuba. Laos. Mexico Nigeria Peru. Philippines. Sri Lanka. Tahiti (Rangiroa) Thailand. Uganda. Venezuela and Zimbabwe, In some there are two (Brazil, India, Kenya, Mexico, Peru, Tahiti, Uganda, Venezuela), in some even three (Ecuador, Indonesia) harvests a year. For some of these countries the term was first used in 2003 New Latitude Wines (Wines of new latitudes). See other lists of wine producing countries geographically among the keywords Africa. Asia. Europe. New world. South America and United States, as well as under Wine production volumes,