Designation (from ancient Greek trópoi Hēliou, German solstice areas) for the geographical area between the two Tropic of Cancer with plus 23 ° and 27 'north and the Capricorn with minus 23 ° and 27' south latitude, on which the sun at the time of each solstice at noon is in the zenith. Climatically speaking, this is the hottest climatic zone on earth. Characteristic are high annual mean temperatures with low annual but large daily fluctuations, lush vegetation (rainforest, primeval forest), and savannas or deserts depending on the annual rainfall and the humidity,
A productive or qualitatively significant viticulture is only conditionally, in the areas with dry-hot climate by high heat and lack of water difficult or impossible. In the humid, warm, equatorial areas, the further complications are largely barely controllable fungal diseases in front. In some tropical areas this will be climate Moderate due to greater sea level and / or frequent rainfall. That's why vines can grow here all year round. In artificial irrigation can be high yield with high Sugar content but little acid and flavorings be achieved. It will be mainly table grapes and raisins, as well as dessert wines, sparkling wines or wines for the distillation produced.
Countries (or parts thereof) that belong to the tropical or peripheral area are Australia. Bolivia. Brazil. ecuador. India. Indonesia (in Bali), Cape Verde. Kenya. Colombia. Cuba. Laos. Mexico, Nigeria, Peru. Philippines. Sri Lanka. Tahiti (Rangiroa) Thailand. Uganda. Venezuela and Zimbabwe, In some there are two (Brazil, India, Kenya, Mexico, Peru, Tahiti, Uganda, Venezuela), in some even three (Ecuador, Indonesia) harvests a year. For some of these countries, the term first used in 2003 applies New Latitude Wines (Wines of new latitudes) too. See further lists of the wine producing countries geographically under the keywords Africa. Asia. Europe. New world. South America and USA, as well as under Wine production volumes,