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Trousseau Noir

The red grape variety comes from France. Synonyms grouped alphabetically by country are Capbreton Rouge, Chauche Noir, Cruchenton Rouge, Sémillon Rouge, Troussé, Trousseau, Troussot, Trusiaux ( France ); Abrunhal, Bastardinha, Bastardinho, Bastardo, Tinta Lisboa ( Portugal ); Bastardillo Chico, Bastardo, Carnaz, Donzelino de Castille, Godello Tinto, María Ordoña, Maria Ordoñez, Maturana Tinta, Maturana Tinto, Maturano, Merenzao, Pinot Gris de Rio Negro, Roibal, Tinta, Tintilla, Tintollo Borgolona, Verdejo, Verdejo Negro ( Spain ). Despite apparently suggesting synonyms or morphological No similarities with the varieties Alfrocheiro. Cabernet pepper. Castelão Francês. Donzelinho Tinto. Pinot Noir. Tinta de Lisboa or Tressot Noir be confused. Trousseau Noir is not mutation of the white variety Maturana Blanca,

Trousseau Noir - grape and leaf

The exact origin is most likely in Eastern France in law, where it was first mentioned in 1732 under the name Troussot. How to get from there Spain and Portugal reached is unknown, in any case it has been cultivated there for many centuries under many different names. That the Portuguese Bastardo was identical was by the ampelographer Alexandre P. Odart (1778-1866) had already been claimed in 1854. According to 2007 DNA analysis there is one Parent-offspring relationship to the Savagnin Blanc variety ( Traminer ). Are likely Chenin Blanc and Sauvignon Blanc Twins (same parents).

The varieties are probably from natural crosses Plant de Mavault (with Gouais Blanc) and Tinta de Lisboa (with Síria). Trousseau Noir was a crossing partner for the new varieties Bastardo Magarachsky and Royalty, Two colors mutations from Trousseau Noir are the Trousseu Gris (gray) cultivated in California and New Zealand under Gray Riesling and the Bastardo Roxo (pink) grown in Portugal.

The early ripening, productive vine is susceptible to Botrytis, as well as sensitive to frost, It produces dark-colored, alcohol-rich, but rather low-acid red wines. Trousseau Noir is next to the Poulsard Noir the second most important red wine variety in the French law with which it is often blended. The stock is declining because it is being increasingly replaced by Pinot Noir. In 2010 it occupied only 172 hectares.

In Spain will she in Galicia and Rioja grown on 75 hectares. In Portugal she is in the fields Bairrada. Beiras. dão. Douro and the island of Madeira widely used there in the famous wines Madeira. Mateus and port wine included and occupied 3,149 hectares. There should also be further stocks in the Ukraine and in Moldova, as well as in the US in the states California and Oregon give. The total area under cultivation in 2010 was 3,431 hectares, and the trend is rising. In the worldwide varieties ranking that means rank 136.

Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Image: By Arnaud 25 - Own Work, CC BY-SA 3.0 , Link

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