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Tunisia

Túnez (ES)
Tunisie (F)
Tunisia (I)
Tunisia (GB)
Tunísia (PO)
Tunesië (N)
Already in the antiquity there was in the then Carthage Viticulture. After the conquest by the Turks in 1574 and the associated Islamic alcohol ban he came to a complete halt. In the 19th century, French and Italian colonists laid vineyards on the Cap Bon peninsula. Now viticulture was again professionally operated. By the year 1930, more than one million hectoliters of wine were produced every year. Relatively late reached in 1936 the phylloxera the land and caused a reduction of the vineyards by more than half.

The vineyards are located in the northeast near the coast (near the capital Tunis) in the areas Aryanah, Bin Arus, Bizerte, Béja-Jendouba, Cap Bon, Nabeul and Zhagwan. Partial is an artificial one irrigation required. In 1957, according to the French model, the introduction of the quality levels VCC (Vins de Consumation Courante), VS (Vins Supérieurs), VQSQ (Vins de Qualité Supérieure) and AOC (Appellation d'Origine Contrôlée). In 1970, the "Office du Vin" was founded with the aim of producing export-quality Tunisian wines. In 2012 the vineyard area was 21,000 hectares (in 2000 it was 30,000 hectares). Of these, 284,000 hectoliters of wine were obtained. From 40% of the vineyard will be table grapes produced.

There are the seven appellations Coteaux de Tebourba, Coteaux d'Utique, Kélibia, Mornag, Muscat de Kélibia, Sidi Salem and Thibar. Traditional are sweet, fortified Muscatel wines (own appellation). Mostly, however, high-alcoholic red wines and rosé wines (considered to be the best) are produced. Grade-pure wines are promoted, they must contain 80% of the variety. There are around 25 vineyards, the largest being Union de Coopératives Viticoles de Tunisie. Other well-known producers are Château Feriani, Héritiers Tené Lavau, Office des Terres Domaniales (with Château Thibar), Société des Vins Tardi (with Royal Tardi) and Société Lomblot (with Domaine Karim). Traditional are distillates from figs, for example the high percentage Boukha (clearer spirits ) and the thibarine (sweet liqueur). The Rebsortenspiegel 2010 includes only press types:

vine colour Synonyms hectare
mazuelo red Cariñena, Samsó, Carignan 7576
Garnacha Tinta red Grenache Noir 2020
Cinsault White Cinsault 842
Alicante Henri Bouschet red - 842
Sangiovese red 842
Tribidrag / Zinfandel red - 337
Monastrell red Mourvèdre, Mataro 337
Syrah red Petite Syrah, Shiraz 337
Cabernet Sauvignon red - 337


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