The country has an ancient winemaking tradition, because at least in the 4th millennium BC. There were cultivated vineyards in Anatolia, in the area Transcaucasia (that with Mesopotamia as the cradle of wine culture) and on the coast of the Caspian Sea. During excavations in the city of Catal Hüyük, built in the 7th millennium BC, there were representations that suggest wine production at that time. An ancestor of the grape variety Kalecik Karasi according to a naturally unverifiable hypothesis, supposedly already ~ 1,500 BC. Chr. The Hittiter. Near the border to Iran and to Armenia lies the famous mountain Ararat where according to the Bible Noah landed with his ark after the Flood and "became a winegrower". According to the latest research, the origin of the cultivated grapevine or the viticultural culture in southeastern Anatolia should lie.