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Turkménistan (F)
Turkmenistan (GB)
Turkmenistan (I)
Turkmenistán (ES)
Turquemenistão (PO)
The ex USSR republic (formerly Turkmenia) and an independent state since 1991 lies on the Caspian Sea and borders Kazakhstan. Uzbekistan. Afghanistan and the Iran, The ancient history of viticulture goes back to the 3rd century BC. Greek and Roman authors from antiquity report cultivated vine cultivation in today's Murgab and Tejen valley. The largely hot desert area Karakum (Black Desert) with more than half of the country's area is only suitable for quality wine growing to a limited extent.

The vineyards are mostly south of the capital Asgabat on the border with Iran (70%), as well as around the city of Tschardschou and in the province of Mary. Due to the dry, hot climate, an artificial one is required irrigation respectively. In 2012, the vineyards covered 29,000 hectares, of which only 390.00 hectoliters of wine, especially traditionally strong alcohol Sweet wines were produced. Mainly will be table grapes and raisins generated. There are still many in the Kopetdag Gorges Wild vines, of which probably the autochthonous sorts Bayanshira. Kizil Sapak and Terbash descended.

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