The region with the capital Florence is in the center Italy on the Ligurian coast; also the third largest Italian island Elba is one of them. It borders in the north Liguria and Emilia-Romagna, in the east Brands and Umbria and in the south Lazio, Next to the Piedmont Tuscany is probably the most famous Italian wine-growing region and one of the most beautiful areas in the country. They built here long before the Romans Etruscan Wine, making it one of the oldest wine-growing regions in Europe. In ancient times, the area formed the land of Etruria, named after the ancient people. In Roman this means Tuscia, from which Toscana emerged. From the third century BC the Etruscans were sucked up by the Romans. The Romans lent small lands to long-serving legionaries for their services to the fatherland.
After the fall of the Roman Empire, Tuscany was ruled by the Goths, Byzantines, Longobards and Franks. Under emperor Charlemagne (742-814) the Via Francigena (Frankenstrasse) was built, which connected northern and southern Italy and in Tuscany by Lucca, San Gimignano, Siena and Radicofani led. From the 11th century the long hostile city-states of Florence and Siena, as well as further north Genoa and Venice, At this time, the demand of the rapidly growing cities began to blossom in the Tuscan wine culture. In the Middle Ages the "Wine of Florence" became widely known and up to England a. Russia sold.
The family of the is inextricably linked to the Tuscan history Medici, which promoted art, science and viticulture to the highest degree. From the beginning of the 16th century, Tuscany was united under their rule and in 1569 Pope Pius V (1504-1572) raised it to the Grand Duchy. Grand Duke Cosimo III. (1642-1723) introduced 150 grape varieties at the beginning of the 17th century, including Cabernet Sauvignon (Uva Francesca). After the Medici died out, Franz Stephan of Lorraine took over the legacy. In 1860, Tuscany became a referendum with the kingdom Sardinia united, with which it then merged in 1861 in the new Kingdom of Italy. Under Cosimo III. In 1716 the boundaries for the areas were also Carmignano. Chianti. Pomino and Val d'Arno di Sopra, which are among the first officially established Origin designations Europe. Baron Bettino defined it in the 19th century Ricasoli (1809-1880) the strict rules for the production of the Chianti. This also marked the rapid rise of the region to become a wine power not only in Italy.
The region of around 23,000 square kilometers is bordered in the north and east by the Apennines with the 2,216 meter high Monte Terminillo. The vineyards stretch from the mountains to the Tyrrhenian coast and cover around 58,000 hectares of vineyards. Two thirds of them are on sunny mountain slopes between 100 and 500 meters above sea level. The wine landscape alternates with olive groves and extensive forests. A total of 14 beautiful wine routes lead through the region. The main red wines are Alicante ( Alicante Henri Bouschet ) Barsaglina. Brunello (Sangiovese clone) Cabernet Franc. Cabernet Sauvignon. Canaiolo Nero. Ciliegiolo, Colorino ( abrusco ), Malvasia Nera ( Malvasia Nera di Brindisi ) Merlot, Pinot Nero ( Pinot Noir ) Prugnolo Gentile (Sangiovese clone) Pugnitello. Sangiovese (Morellino) Syrah and Vermentino Nero,
The main types of white wine are Albarola, Ansonica ( Inzolia ), Canaiolo Bianco ( Drupeggio ) Chardonnay. Greco. Grechetto di Orvieto (Grechetto, Grechetto Bianco, Pulcinculo), Incrocio Bruni 54. Malvasia Bianca di Candia. Malvasia Bianca Lunga. Malvazija Istarska (Malvasia Bianca, Malvasia del Chianti, Malvasia Istriana), Moscato or Moscato Bianco ( Muscat Blanc ) Müller-Thurgau, Pinot Bianco ( Pinot Blanc ), Pinot Grigio ( Pinot gris ) Procanico (Variety Trebbiano Toscano), Riesling, Riesling Italico ( Riesling ) Roussanne, Sauvignon ( Sauvignon Blanc ) Sémillon. Traminer. Trebbiano Toscano. Verdello. Vermentino. Vernaccia di San Gimignano and Viognier,
Today Tuscany is the center of quality Italian wine. The proportion of DOC and DOCG wines is around 45 percent. Here is also the phenomenon of as Super-Tuscans designated wines were created, which often question the narrow DOC limits and some of them even exceed DOCG wines. For example, these were Galestro. Ornellaia and Sassicaia, Tuscany is also home to the famous Holy Wine Vin Santo, The developed from the 1990s Maremma, a landscape in the southwestern part of the region, to a new, rapidly growing area of hope. Many well-known Italian wineries invest here in new vineyards such as Antinori. Castello Banfi. Castello di Querceto. Frescobaldi and Ricasoli, The 6 very large ones IGT areas (or IGP - the country wines) Alta Valle della Greve, Colli della Toscana Centrale, Costa Toscana, Montecastelli, Toscana (Toscano) and Val di Magra. The 41 DOC and 11 DOCG zones are: