Term for a typical Austrian or Burgenland wine type rustic Style. The Uhudler was born at the beginning of the 20th century and was, so to speak, by the phylloxera disaster caused. After the pest appeared in the second half of the 19th century, phylloxera-resistant American grape varieties were introduced, which were then (as one of the numerous unsuccessful attempts) crossed with European vines to avoid them resistance transferred to. It was only later that the actual solution was recognized, namely to graft European noble rice on American rhizomes ennoble ). But there were also American vines Cultivated in unrefined original condition and made from it wines. Such unrefined vines are called regardless of their origin direct carrier,
This term developed into a negatively understood synonym for American vines or direct carrier wines par excellence, which is not correct because American vines do not necessarily mean "direct carriers" (ie ungrafted ) means. in the südburgenland the wines from various American vines were called Uhudler, so it is a collective term. Some cause the strawberry aroma or penetrant Foxton; a taste unpleasant for European terms. However, it should be noted that "Foxton" and "Strawberry flavor" mostly appear together, but have different substances that cause the false tones, but are not the same. These tones were the main reason for the rejection.
One of the main opponents of these wines from American vines was Fritz Zweigelt (1888-1964). In 1929, labeling was introduced, a ban on planting out was issued in 1936 and a ban on blending was also introduced in 1937. After the war, the 1937 deadline for clearing 75% of the direct carrier vineyards expired. In 1961 there was a traffic ban (serving and selling) for the Uhudler, he was only allowed for his own use house trunk to be produced. And finally, in 1985 the Uhudler was declared "non-wine". All of this contributed to the (unjustified) bad reputation. Because that because of the supposedly high content methanol (Wooden spirit) and fusel oils Doing "stupid and blind" and being a "rabiat pearl" has long been scientifically refuted. A high methanol content is due to improper pressing and has no connection with American vines or unrefined vines (direct carriers). The Uhudler wine is actually an organic product par excellence, because the resistance of the varieties to fungal diseases (as well as the phylloxera) means that almost no spraying or fertilizing is required. From 1992 onwards, "decriminalization" took place.
The Uhudler is now allowed to a limited extent in eight municipalities in the wine-growing region südburgenland produced and also marketed. The “Uhudler-Vinothek” is located in a wine cellar in the commune of Heiligenbrunn, where you can taste and purchase wines from the various grape varieties. Upon joining the EU, Austria applied for classification for the seven varieties used for the Uhudler. Those were Concord (respectively. Ripatella, which was still considered an independent variety at the time), Delaware. Elvira. Isabella. Noah and Othello, It is American hybrids, which are mostly root-safe (as direct carriers). The EU banned the three varieties Isabella, Noah and Othello in principle for the production of wine.
The other three strains are crosses with parts of the Vitis vinifera genes. Accordingly, they are approved for wine according to the EU regulation (see also under Quality wine-grape varieties ). Nevertheless, there was great excitement in 2016 because there was a 2030 limited cultivation permit for certain varieties. There were considerations that Uhudler called fruit wine market. The now nine approved varieties are Concord (Ripatella), Delaware and Elvira (as before), as well as the six new ones Amadeus. Bogni 15. bolero. Boris. Breidecker and Evita, All contain genes from Viti vinifera, so they comply with EU regulations. There is no longer a limited planting permit for the nine varieties. According to the criteria laid down by the federal state of Burgenland, the Uhudler, as before, may only serve as wine (earlier table wine ) are marketed.
There are at least two versions of the origin of the original name: In the past, the winegrowers were often in the wine cellar for up to a week during the harvest and subsequent work. When they came home after this exhausting time with intense wine enjoyment with "wrestling under the eyes", their women reacted by saying: "You look like an eagle owl. “In a second version, the name is on the Plutzer returned, a clay pot used for the Uhudler and locally called "Udler". A wine of these varieties is also produced in Styria, but the name Uhudler is only allowed in südburgenland be used. That is why it is sometimes referred to as "Juhudler", "S'Uhudler" and "Suhudler" in the state of Styria, or "Isabella" after the frequently used variety.
In 2011 the Uhudler was accepted as a "passenger" of the "Ark of Taste". He is one of those from the club Slow food award-winning foods or beverages that are to be protected and preserved from the risks posed by industrial agriculture and the food industry. Other wines from American vines are, for example Americano (Switzerland) and fragolino (Italy). However, some of the varieties used also do not comply with EU regulations regarding the production of quality wine; see in detail under hybrids and Quality wine-grape varieties,
All tools, work and measures in the vineyard during the growth cycle can be found at Weingarten Care, Complete lists of the numerous cellar techniques, as well as a list of wine, sparkling wine and distillate types regulated by wine law are under the keyword winemaking contain. There is extensive wine law information under the keyword wine law,
Images: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)