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A wine culture existed as early as the 4th century BC on the southern coast of the peninsula Crimea, from this time were Kelteranlagen and amphorae found. In the northern part, however, it developed much later from the 11th century by monks. In the Middle Ages, the Genoese, who were then owners of Sudak, traded Crimean wines throughout Europe. Under Catherine II (1729-1796), in 1783, the Crimean peninsula became part of the Russian Empire. Her favorite Grigori Alexandrovich Potjomkin (1739-1791) made it arable and also promoted viticulture. The count imported vines from Italy, Spain and France, where the climate was very similar to that in the Crimea. Especially the soil around the city of Sudak was very fertile. Here is the 300 sunny days in the year aptly named Solnechnaya Dolina (sun valley) with a large winery of the same name. Near Yalta left Count Mikhail Vorontsov (1782-1856) in 1820 create vineyards and build a large winery. Nearby he founded the wine institute in 1828 Magarach,

A special merit for the Russian winegrowing is due to the German scientist and academy member Peter Simon Pallas (1741-1811), who came from Berlin and brought in large vineyards in the Sudak area from Berlin. He described as the first in detail about 40 native grape varieties. Prince Lev Golitsyn founded in 1878 the still existing winery Nowy Svet (New World) in Sudak. A sparkling wine was first produced in 1799 in the climatically favored cities of Sudak and Alushta. The quantities were insignificant. As the founder of the famous Crimean champagne (Shampanskoe Krimskoye) is Golitsyn. On behalf of Tsar Nicholas II (1868-1918) he also founded today's state vineyard Massandra,

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