The Italian region with the capital Perugia is in the heart Italy and is one of the few that does not border on a sea. Viticulture existed in Umbria on both sides of the river Tiber already before the Romans at the time of the Etruscan and the eponymous Umbrian. Archaeological finds and more than 3,000 years old, painstakingly driven into the volcanic rock wine cellar are historical witnesses. After the fall of the Roman Empire, it came then for centuries to a complete standstill in viticulture. Only from the 1950s was a new beginning. Both the landscape and the climatic and soil conditions, the area of the eastern border region Tuscany very similar and ideal for viticulture. The cold months are relatively rainy, the summers are sunny and cooled by wind.
The vineyards cover 13,000 hectares of vineyards on mostly calcareous clay and sandy soil. In the DOC regulations are mainly domestic, but also international varieties included. The most important white wines are Chardonnay. Drupeggio, Grechetto Bianco ( Grechetto di Orvieto ), Malvasia Toscana / Malvasia del Chianti logo CNRS logo INIST Malvasia Bianca Lunga, Pinot Bianco ( Pinot Blanc ), Pinot Grigio ( Pinot gris ) Riesling, Riesling Italico ( Riesling ), Sauvignon ( Sauvignon Blanc ) Trebbiano Spoletino. Trebbiano Toscano (here also Procanico), Verdello. Verdicchio Bianco and Vermentino, The most important red wines are Cabernet Franc. Cabernet Sauvignon. Canaiolo Nero. Ciliegiolo. Gamay. Merlot. Montepulciano, Pinot Nero ( Pinot Noir ) Sagrantino. Sangiovese and Vernaccia Nera ( Garnacha Tinta ). The 6th IGT areas (or IGP - the land wines) are Allerona, Bettona, Cannara, Narni, Spello and Umbria. The famous produced for centuries Orvieto accounts for around two thirds of the DOC production volume. The 15 DOC / DOCG zones are: