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Ungeld

Name (also change, Ohmgeld and locally also Böspfennig) for a former consumption and sales tax on for the time being Wine and other alcoholic beverages such as beer and spirits, Etymologically, the term derives from Middle High German "gelt" (delivery, payment) and the reinforcing "un". Ohm in turn was derived from the mhd. "Ame" (old liquid measure, wine measure = bucket ). Ungeld was a defamation of the term "Ohmgeld" and originally meant an "unjust" money delivery. This tax was in the 13th century Switzerland. Austria and Germany widespread. Sometimes it was expanded to include foods such as salt, grain or meat. The way in which the inclusion was dealt with, or the amount of the tax, varied quite locally, each region or city proceeded according to its own laws.

Ungeld - wine tasting by Schultheiß, book on the subject

Since the 16th century, the money was initially taken over by the sovereigns only as a levy on the beverage tap. Gradually it developed into a bar tax associated with tavern law. In practice, the height before unloading and cellaring the wine barrels was determined by the "wine teaser" by dividing a stick in half and passing a part through the bung in the barrel on. The thereby established level was then held in both bars by cutting a notch. For monitoring purposes, one staff kept monies and the second the owner (dealer or landlord). Both functions were often combined in one person. Either this tax was paid for the entire barrel quantity in front of the city gates or markets or depending on consumption it had to be paid monthly by the host.

Occasionally there was also the custom that in a pub the wine was only released after tasting by the Schultheiß (mayor) and was only allowed to be served afterwards (see the picture in the picture). In the cure palatinate (Top and middle Rhine, between Moselle and Kraichgau) was established in 1549 to be all hosts and wine bars by everyone measure (about 1.4 liters) of wine or beer had to pay a penny of currency. The currency was very unpopular and one of the reasons for peasant wars and subject revolts. In Switzerland, this tax was only lifted in 1887. The had a similar function for determining a quantity of wine wine Visierer, See also under Customs in viticulture,

Image: Kurpfalz Regional Archive

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