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22.545 Keywords • 49.268 Synonyms • 5.290 Translations • 7.929 Pronunciations • 146.332 Cross-references

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Ungeld

Designation (also Umgeld, Ohmgeld and locally also Böspfennig) for a former consumption and sales tax for the time being Wine and other alcoholic drinks like beer and spirits, Etymologically, the term derives from the Middle High German "gelt" (royalty, payment) and the reinforcing "un". This tax was widely used from the 13th century in Switzerland, Austria and Germany. Sometimes it was also extended to foods such as salt, grain or meat. In practice, the height was determined before the unloading and Einkellern of the wine barrels of the "Weinsticher", by using a through the bung inserted rod raised the level in the barrel. The set money was included in the markets and at the city gates by the "Ungelter (Ungelter)". This was locally different, often both functions were combined in one person.

Since the 16th century, the Ungeld was initially taken over by the sovereigns only as a levy on the beverage outlet. Gradually it developed into a tavern tax associated with the tavern law. In the Electorate Palatinate (Upper and Middle Rhine, between Moselle and Kraichgau) was established in 1549 that all innkeepers and wine stewards of each measure (about 1.4 liters) wine or beer had to pay a penny. The Ungeld was very unpopular and one of the reasons for peasant wars and subversive revolts. In Switzerland, this tax was not repealed until 1887. A similar function for the determination of a quantity of wine had the wine Visierer, See other old winegrowing professions below Customs in viticulture,

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