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United Kingdom

United Kingdom (GB)
See below England,
English viticulture was probably introduced by the Romans on a larger scale in 43 BC. BC had come to the island. Finds of pollen from vines prove that there had been viticulture before. Viticulture is mentioned in a document from the year 731. In 1152 the later King Henry II (1133-1189) came into possession of the by marriage to Eleonora of Aquitaine (1122-1204) Gascogne and large parts of western France, including the Bordeaux (fell back to France in 1453). French wine was imported on a large scale for almost 300 years. That was also the great time of the rose colored clairet, But also specifically Sweet wines from southern Europe were very popular from the middle of the 14th century, for example the Vernage (Vernacchia) from Italy and Malmsey from the islands Cyprus and Crete from the Greek port Monemvasia (Peloponnese) was shipped from. For this reason, an independent English viticulture came to a standstill for many centuries.

England and the numerous British colonies around the world are responsible for the great popularity of two famous dessert wines today. Towards the end of the 16th century, 2,900 barrels (pipes) were captured in England by so-called state-licensed privateer and circumnavigator Sir Francis Drake (1540-1596) sherry popular who made out in large quantities Spain was introduced. The foundation stone for the beginning from the beginning of the 18th century Port wine boom in England was completed by the in 1703 and called Methuen Treaty designated contract, which provided special tariff advantages for the import of Portuguese wines in England. This led to the British monopoly in the port wine trade and the establishment of many port wine houses in Portugal, The opening in 1790 also played a special role Factory house in postage in which the British factors did their business.

Sir Kenelm Digby (1603-1665) was first introduced in the 17th century bottles invented for wine and made for a long time, especially in England. From the beginning of the 18th century, the trade war between France and England created an exclusive market for Bordeaux wines. English wine traders partly founded existing trading houses in...

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