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United Kingdom

United Kingdom (GB)
See below England,
The English viticulture was probably introduced by the Romans on a larger scale, the 43 v. Chr. Had come to the island. Pollen finds from vines prove that there have been viticulture before. Winery is mentioned in a document dating from 731. In 1152, the later King Henry II (1133-1189) by marriage with Eleonora of Aquitaine (1122-1204) came into the possession of Gascogne and large parts of western France, including the Bordeaux (fell to France again in 1453). For almost 300 years, French wine was widely imported. That was also the big time of the rose-colored clairet, But also special Sweet wines from southern Europe were very popular from the mid-14th century, for example, the Vernage (Vernacchia) from Italy and Malmsey from the islands Cyprus and Crete, from the Greek port Monemvasia (Peloponnese) was shipped out. For this reason, an independent English viticulture came for many centuries to a standstill.

England and the many British colonies around the world are responsible for the great popularity of two today's famous dessert wines. Towards the end of the 16th century, 2,900 barrels (pipes) captured by the so-called freebooter and circumnavigator Sir Francis Drake (1540-1596) were captured in England sherry popular, in large quantities Spain was introduced. The foundation stone for beginning from the beginning of the 18th century Port wine boom in England was completed by the in 1703 and as Methuen Treaty which provided for special tariff concessions for the importation of Portuguese wines in England. This led to the British monopoly in port wine trade and the founding of many Port wine houses in Portugal, A special role also played in the 1790 opened Factory House in postage in which the British factors completed their business.

In the 17th century were first introduced by Sir Kenelm Digby (1603-1665) bottles invented for wine and made for a long time especially in England. From the beginning of the 18th century caused by the trade war between France and England an exclusive market for Bordeaux wines. English wine merchants founded some of today still existing trading houses in Bordeaux and founded the...

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