Description (also single-varietal) for a wine that is 100% from a single vine was pressed. If other grape varieties are involved (even if only slightly), one cannot actually speak of “varietal”, although the term varietal is also used colloquially for a clearly dominant grape variety. However, the term is not regulated by wine law. However, within the EU there is a legal regulation for the naming of grape varieties on the label, If a single grape variety is specified there, its share must be at least 85% (in the USA or Australia, for example, only 75%). The remaining 15% can be supplemented by other varieties, but do not appear on the label.
Pure wines play mainly in the German-speaking countries Germany. Austria. South-Tirol and the Switzerland as well as a traditionally large role in the former Eastern Bloc countries. In contrast, blends are mainly part of wine culture in southern countries, where instead of the grape variety much more origin is in the foreground. Especially France has a great tradition here, with the exception of the regions Burgundy. Alsace and in part Loire (see also under Romanesque wine law ).
Wines from (mainly) one grape variety are also called grape variety wines, Vin de cépage (France) or Varietal Wine (USA, Australia). An artistic blend of wines from several different grape varieties is called Cuvée, on the other hand, a wine made from several grape varieties fermented together (which are usually found together in one vineyard) Mixed sentence,
Complete lists of the numerous vinification measures or cellar techniques, as well as the wine, sparkling wine and distillate types regulated by wine law are under the keyword winemaking contain. There is extensive wine law information under the keyword wine law,