Abbreviation for the intergovernmental association "Union Internationale pour la Protection des Obtentions Végétales" (International Convention for the Protection of New Varieties of Plants). This was founded in 1961 with headquarters in Geneva. UPOV's aim is to protect new plant varieties (agricultural crops vegetables, fruit, ornamental plants and woody plants) as intellectual property, thus guaranteeing breeders sole property rights to their variety and thus enabling financially secure breeding and further development in the variety sector. Of course, this also includes grapes, or in detail the different ones varieties,
UPOV offers help in establishing and maintaining a functioning plant variety protection system within the individual member states and deals with the promotion of international cooperation. The focus of the activities is the international harmonization of the test procedures from the registration of a variety to the test reports and the botanical variety description. At the end of 2013, 70 countries from all over the world were members. In 2005, the EU became the 59th member to become the first intergovernmental organization. European affairs plant variety are from CPVO (Community Plant Variety Office), the responsible plant variety office of the EU, based in Angers in France.