Abbreviation for the Intergovernmental Union "Union Internationale pour la Protection des Obtentions Végétales" (International Convention for the Protection of New Varieties of Plants). This was founded in 1961 based in Geneva. The aim of UPOV is to protect new varieties of plants (agricultural crops such as vegetables, fruits, ornamentals and woody plants) as intellectual property, thus guaranteeing breeders the sole right of ownership of their variety, thus enabling financially secure breeding and development in the field of variety management. These naturally also include the grapes
, or in detail the various varieties
UPOV provides assistance in establishing and maintaining a functioning PVP system within each Member State and is involved in promoting international cooperation. The focus of activities is the international harmonization of testing procedures from the notification of a variety to the test reports and the botanical variety description. At the end of 2013, 70 countries from all over the world were members. As the 59th member, the EU became the first intergovernmental organization in 2005. Affairs of the European plant variety
be from CPVO
(Community Plant Variety Office), the competent plant variety office of the EU, based in Angers in France.