The beginnings of viticulture took place in Uruguay later than in the other countries in South America
, The first vines did not turn out until the middle of the 17th century Spain
introduced. However, commercial viticulture did not begin until around 1870, when immigrants from the French Basque Country and Italy laid out the first major vineyards. One of the most important pioneers is the Frenchman Pascual Harriague
(1819-1894), who founded this year near Salto in the district of the same name, the winery "La Caballada" and planted by him brought red grape variety Tannat on about 200 hectares of vineyards. That is why she is referred to as Harriague after him here. Today in Uruguay over one hundred years old Tannat vines exist.
The relatively humid, subtropical climate is influenced by Atlantic Ocean and is very well suited for viticulture with warm summers and enough rainfall. In 2012, the vineyard covered 9,000 hectares on mostly loose sandy and loamy soil. These were used 95% for the wine production with 962,000 hectoliters. After Argentina
Uruguay has the second highest per capita consumption of wine in South America at 25 liters a year. On the remaining 5% of the vineyard will be table grapes
generated. Around 60% of the vineyards are located in the south of the country at the mouth of the Rio de la Plata around the capital Montevideo in the districts of Canelones, San José and Montevideo. The remaining 40% are distributed throughout the country in the form of smaller islands. In 1992, five areas were simply designated as southern, southwestern, central, northwestern and northern regions. 75% of red wine is cultivated to 25% white wine. The Rebsortenspiegel 2010 (Satistics Kym Anderson
The "Instituto Nacional de Vitivinicultura" (INAVI) was founded in 1987 by some winemakers as a private authority, which strives to promote and control the quality of wine. The wines are divided into two classes. To 90% are simple, pink "VC" (Vino Comun) mixed white wine and red wine grapes (mostly Moscatel Hamburgo, Isabella, Torrontés) produced in balloons or bottles Tetra pack
be bottled. Only 10% are the quality wines
"VCPs" (Vinos de Calidad Preferente), which must be made from European Vitis vinifera vines and can only be bottled with 0.75 l volume or less.
Well-known producers are Ariano, Beretta, Bouza, Bruzzone & Sciutto, Carrau (famous brands are Castel Pujol, Cerro Chapeu, are involved Freixenet
and Jacques Lurton
), Castillo Viejo, Dante Irurtia, Leonardo Falcone, Viñedos y Bodega Filgueira, Juanicó (joint venture with Château Pape-Clément
), Marichal, Pisano, Pizzorno, Plaza Vidiella, Rincón de Carrasco, Los Cerros de San Juan (joint venture with LVMH
), Stagnari, Juan Toscanini and Hijos, Viña Varela Zarranz and Vinos de La Cruz.