Viticulture began later in Uruguay than in other countries in South America
, The first vines were not grown until the middle of the 17th century Spain
introduced. Commercial viniculture did not begin until around 1870, when immigrants from the French Basque Country and Italy planted the first larger vineyards. The Frenchman Pascual is one of the most important pioneers Harriague
(1819-1894), who founded the winery "La Caballada" near Salto in the district of the same name and planted the red grape variety Tannat he brought with him on around 200 hectares of vineyards. That is why she is also referred to here as Harriague. Today there are over a hundred years of tannate vines in Uruguay.
The relatively humid, subtropical climate is influenced by the Atlantic and with warm summers and sufficient rainfall is very suitable for viticulture. In 2012, the vineyard area covered 9,000 hectares on mostly loose sand and clay soils. 95% of these were used for wine production with 962,000 hectoliters. To Argentina
Uruguay has the second highest per capita consumption of wine in South America with 25 liters per year. Be on the remaining 5% of the vineyard table grapes
generated. Around 60% of the vineyards can be found in the south of the country at the mouth of the Rio de la Plata around the capital Montevideo in the districts of Canelones, San José and Montevideo. The remaining 40% are spread across the country in the form of smaller islands. In 1992, five areas simply referred to as the southern, southwestern, central, northwestern and northern regions were introduced. 75% red wine and 25% white wine are cultivated. The grape variety index 2010 (Satstistik Kym Anderson
The "Instituto Nacional de Vitivinicultura" (INAVI) was founded in 1987 by some winegrowers as a private authority that endeavors to promote and control wine quality. The wines are divided into two classes. 90% simple, pink "VC" (Vino Comun) mixed from white wine and red wine grapes (mostly Moscatel Hamburgo, Isabella, Torrontés) are produced, in balloon bottles or Tetra pack
be filled. They are only 10% quality wines
"VCP" (Vinos de Calidad Preferente), which must have been made from European Vitis vinifera vines and may only be filled in bottles with a volume of 0.75 l or less.
Well-known producers are Ariano, Beretta, Bouza, Bruzzone & Sciutto, Carrau (well-known brands are Castel Pujol, Cerro Chapeu, are involved Freixenet
and Jacques Lurton
), Castillo Viejo, Dante Irurtia, Leonardo Falcone, Viñedos y Bodega Filgueira, Juanicó (joint venture with Château Pape-Clement
), Marichal, Pisano, Pizzorno, Plaza Vidiella, Rincón de Carrasco, Los Cerros de San Juan (joint venture with LVMH
), Stagnari, Juan Toscanini e Hijos, Viña Varela Zarranz and Vinos de La Cruz.