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Uruguay

Uruguai (PO)
Uruguay (F)
Uruguay (ES)
Uruguay (GB)
Uruguay (I)
Uruguay (N)
The beginnings of viticulture took place in Uruguay later than in the other countries in South America, The first vines did not turn out until the middle of the 17th century Spain introduced. However, commercial viticulture did not begin until around 1870, when immigrants from the French Basque Country and Italy set up the first major vineyards. One of the most important pioneers is the Frenchman Pascual Harriague (1819-1894), who founded this year near Salto in the district of the same name the winery "La Caballada" and planted by him brought red grape variety Tannat on about 200 hectares of vineyards. Therefore, according to him, she is also called Harriague here. Today, over 100 years old Tannat vines exist in Uruguay.

The relatively humid, subtropical climate is influenced by the Atlantic Ocean and is very well suited to winemaking with warm summers and enough rainfall. In 2012, the vineyard covered 9,000 hectares on mostly loose sandy and loamy soil. These were used 95% for the wine production with 962,000 hectoliters. After Argentina Uruguay has the second highest per capita consumption of wine in South America at 25 liters a year. On the remaining 5% of the vineyard will be table grapes generated. About 60% of the vineyards are located in the south of the country at the mouth of the Rio de la Plata around the capital Montevideo in the districts Canelones, San José and Montevideo. The remaining 40% are distributed across the country in the form of smaller islands. In 1992, five areas were simply designated as southern, southwestern, central, northwestern and northern regions. 75% of red wine is cultivated to 25% white wine. The Rebsortenspiegel 2010 (Satistics Kym Anderson ):

vine colour Synonyms or name in Uruguay hectare
Tannat red Harriague 1815
Muscat d'Hamburg red Moscatel de Hamburgo 1500
Merlot red - 875
Trebbiano Toscano White Ugni Blanc 751
Cabernet Sauvignon red - 682
Cabernet Franc red - 334
Isabella red Frutilla 256
Chardonnay White - 149
Sauvignon Blanc White - 147
Marselan red - 91
Syrah red - 87
Pinot Noir red - 55
Viognier White - 45
Cot red Côt, Malbec 41
Petit Verdot red - 32
Arinarnoa red - 28
Nebbiolo red - 26
Gewurztraminer / Traminer White Gewurztraminer 24
Sémillon White - 24
Concord red - 22
Alicante Henri Bouschet red - 22
Riesling White - 15
Canari Noir red - 13
Pinot gris White - 12
Trebbiano? White - 11
Muscat Blanc / muscatel White - 10
Pinot Blanc White - 9
Gamay red Gamay Noir 9
Sauvignon Gris White - 8th
Malvasia Fina White - 8th
Muscat Ottonel White Muscat Ottonel 7
Chenin Blanc White - 7
Garnacha Tinta red Grenache Noir 5
Arriloba White - 4
Colombard White - 4
Egiodola red - 3
Roussanne White - 3
Marsanne White - 2
Ruby Cabernet red - 2
Pedro Ximénez White - 1
Monastrell red Mataro, Mourvedre 1


The "Instituto Nacional de Vitivinicultura" (INAVI) was founded in 1987 by some winemakers as a private authority, which strives to promote and control the quality of wine. The wines are divided into two classes. To 90% are simple, pink "VC" (Vino Comun) mixed white wine and red wine grapes (mostly Moscatel Hamburgo, Isabella, Torrontés) produced in balloons or bottles Tetra pack be bottled. Only 10% are the quality wines "VCPs" (Vinos de Calidad Preferente), which must be made from European Vitis vinifera vines and can only be bottled with 0.75 l volume or less.

Well-known producers are Ariano, Beretta, Bouza, Bruzzone & Sciutto, Carrau (well-known brands are Castel Pujol, Cerro Chapeu, are involved Freixenet and Jacques Lurton ), Castillo Viejo, Dante Irurtia, Leonardo Falcone, Viñedos y Bodega Filgueira, Juanicó (joint venture with Château Pape-Clément ), Marichal, Pisano, Pizzorno, Plaza Vidiella, Rincón de Carrasco, Los Cerros de San Juan (joint venture with LVMH ), Stagnari, Juan Toscanini and Hijos, Viña Varela Zarranz and Vinos de La Cruz.

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