The red grape variety comes from Italy, Synonyms are Balsamina Nera, Bonarda di Cavaglià, Bonarda di Gattinara, Bonarda Novarese, Foglia Lucente, Martellana, Oriana, Orianella, Oriola, Raione, Rairone and Rara. Despite apparently suggesting synonyms or morphological No similarities with the varieties Bonarda Piemontese or Croatina (Bonarda di Gattinara) can be confused. According to the ampelographer Victor Pulliat (1827-1896) their name does not refer to a rare occurrence, but to the extremely attractive appearance. According to another version, it is derived from the small number of berries per grape.
The late-ripening vine is susceptible to Verrieseln and real ones mildew, It produces light-colored red wines with a rather low acid and alcohol content. The variety is in the Lombardy and in Piedmont widespread and is there (often under the name Bonarda Novarese) among other things in the DOC / DOCG wines Boca. Bonarda dell'Oltrepò Pavese. Bramaterra. Canavese. Fara. Collina Torinese. ghemme. Lessona. Oltrepò Pavese and Sizzano authorized. In 2010, a total of 460 hectares of vineyards were reported in Italy with a decreasing tendency (Kym Anderson ).
Source : Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn-Institut (JKI), Federal Research Center for Cultivated Plants,
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