The red grape variety comes from Italy, Synonyms are Balsamina Nera, Bonarda di Cavaglià, Bonarda di Gattinara, Bonarda Novarese, Foglia Lucente, Martellana, Oriana, Orianella, Oriola, Raione, Rairone and Rara. It may, despite seemingly suggestive synonyms or morphological Similarities do not match the varieties Bonarda Piemontese or Croatina (Bonarda di Gattinara). According to the Ampelographen Victor Pulliat (1827-1896), her name does not refer to a rare occurrence, but to the very attractive appearance. According to another version, it derives from the small number of berries per grape.
The late-ripening vine is prone to Verrieseln and real mildew, It produces light colored red wines with rather low acid and alcohol content. The variety is in the Lombardy and in Piedmont spreads and is there (often under the name Bonarda Novarese) among other things in the DOC / DOCG wines Boca. Bonarda dell'Oltrepò Pavese. Bramaterra. Canavese. Fara. Collina Torinese. ghemme. Lessona. Oltrepò Pavese and Sizzano authorized. In 2010, a total of 460 hectares of vineyards in Italy were declining (Kym Anderson ).
Source : Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images: Ursula Bruehl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kuhn Institute (JKI), Federal Research Center for Cultivated Plants,
Institute for Grapevine Breeding Geilweilerhof - 76833 Siebeldingen, GERMANY