The former USSR State in the heart of Central Asia has an ancient wine culture. In the Fergana Valley as early as the 6th century BC BCE grown grapes that were delivered to the Chinese Empire. This is proven by cultivated grape seeds from the 5th century BC found near the city of Samarkand. Around the end of the 7th century AD, the Arabs conquered the country and the hitherto flourishing viticulture was founded by religion alcohol ban on the production of table grapes and raisins changed. This still accounts for a large proportion today, more than half of the varieties (especially Kishmish = Sultana ) is used for this.
The most important wine-growing regions are on the edge of the mountains and in the lowlands around the capital Tashkent, in the Fergana Basin, near the cities of Bukhara and Samarkand and in the southeast. There is a continental climate with late and early frosts. Many of the many autochthonous Grape varieties were probably made Wild vines selected. The main white ones are Bayanshira. Bishty. Kuldzhinskii. Muscat Blanc. Rkatsiteli. Riesling and Soyaki, The main ones are red Aleatico. Khindogni, Morrastel ( Graciano ) Pervomaisky. Rosenmuskateller and Saperavi, In 2012 the vineyard area was 121,000 hectares. Only 390,000 hectoliters of wine were produced (see also under Wine production volumes ). Above all, there are strong alcoholic wines, sweet Dessert wines. sparkling wines and spirits produced. Large wineries are Bulungur, Gala Assiya, Kibrai, Nizhni Chirchik, Ogenek, Pastdargom and Uzvinsanoat.