The former USSR State in the heart of Central Asia has an ancient viticulture culture. In the Fergana Valley were already in the 6th century BC. Grapes were grown, which were delivered to the Chinese Empire. Proof of this are the cultivated grape seeds from the 5th century BC found near the town of Samarkand. At the end of the seventh century AD, the Arabs conquered the land and the wine-growing that had flourished until then was religiously founded alcohol ban on the production of table grapes and raisins changed. This still makes up a large proportion today, more than half of the varieties (especially Kishmish = Sultana ) is used for this.
The most important wine-growing areas are located on the edge of the mountains and in the river areas around the capital Tashkent, in the Fergana Basin, in the cities of Bukhara and Samarkand and in the southeast. There is a continental climate with late and early frosts. Many of the many autochthonous Grape varieties were probably out Wild vines selected. The main white ones are Bayanshira. Bishty. Kuldzhinskii. Muscat Blanc. Rkatsiteli. Riesling and Soyaki, The most important red ones are Aleatico. Khindogni, Morrastel ( Graciano ) Pervomaisky. Rosenmuskateller and Saperavi, In 2012, the vineyard covered 121,000 hectares. Of these, only 390,000 hectoliters of wine were produced (see also under Wine production volumes ). It will be mainly high-alcohol wines, sweet Dessert wines. sparkling wines and spirits produced. Big wineries are Bulungur, Gali Assiya, Kibrai, Nizhni Chirchik, Ogenek, Pastdargom and Uzvinsanoat.