One of the six major regional IGP areas for the production of country wines in France, The other five are Atlantique. Comtés Rhodania. Comté Tolosan. Méditerranée and Pays d'Oc, It covers the entire wine-growing region Loire along the course of the river and ten tributaries. The former Vin de pays area was called Jardin de la France until 2007, in French "garden of France" and referred to the beautiful landscape along the river with the many picturesque Loire castles. The vineyards cover around 70,000 hectares of vineyards. There are over 30 AOC areas in this large area.
The IGP name Val de Loire can be supplemented by the names of the 14 departments, which correspond to narrower, geographical names. These are Alliers Cher, Indre, Indre-et-Loire, Loir et-Cher, Loire-Atlantique, Loiret, Maine-et-Loire, Marches de Bretagne, Nièvre, Pays de Retz, Sarthe, Vendée and Vienne. Other independent IGP areas are Coteaux de Tannay and Coteaux du Cher et de l'Arnon.
The red wines, rosé wines and Gris de gris make up about 60% of production. They are mainly of the varieties Cabernet Sauvignon. Cabernet Franc. Gamay. Grolleau Noir and Pineau d'Aunis vinified. The main types of white wine are Sauvignon Blanc. Melon de Bourgogne. Grolleau Gris and Folle Blanche,