The Spanish DO area is an enclave on the southern edge of the huge central highlands La Mancha and is named after the city of the same name. The name means "Valley of the Rocks". The vineyards at 700 meters above sea level comprise approximately 30,000 hectares on stony, reddish-colored soil with a water-storing limestone layer. The climate is extreme and is described as "nine months winter and three months hell (dry and hot)". Even at the beginning of the 1990s, the proportion of the white variety was Airen around 80%, since then this has been in favor of the red varieties Cencibel ( Tempranillo ) Garnacha Tinta and Cabernet Sauvignon reduced to about half. Other white varieties are Macabeo. Pardillo and Moravia Agria, The area was known in the mid-19th century, as a slightly mixed with white wine red wine than clarete was exported to South America. Called "Tinto Tradicional" (also known as "Tinto Valdepeñas"), this bright red wine is still popular today.