The Spanish DO area is an enclave on the southern edge of the huge central highlands La Mancha and is named after the city of the same name. The name means "Valley of the Rocks". The vineyards at 700 meters above sea level cover around 30,000 hectares on stony, reddish-colored soil with a water-storing limestone layer. The climate is extreme and is described as “nine months of winter and three months of hell (dry and hot)”. At the beginning of the 1990s, the proportion of the white variety was still Airen around 80%, since then this has been in favor of the red wine varieties Cencibel ( Tempranillo ) Garnacha Tinta and Cabernet Sauvignon reduced to around half. Other white varieties are Macabeo. Pardillo and Moravia Agria, The area became known in the mid-19th century as a light red wine mixed with white wine clarete exported to South America. This light red wine, known as "Tinto Tradicional" (also "Tinto Valdepeñas"), is still popular today.
Red grapes (at least 20% Cencibel) and white grapes are mixed and fermented together (analogously a Mixed sentence ). However, the best quality is considered sortentrein produced from Cencibel and mostly in Barrique aged red wines. The rosé wines are mainly made from Cencibel and / or Garnacha Tinta, the white wines mainly from Airén. Well-known producers are Aruspide, Miguel Calatayud, Dionisos, Bodegas JA Megía e Hijos, Bodegas Los Llanos, Rafael López-Tello, Bodegas Los Marcos, Márquez, Miguel Martín, Juan Ramírez, Bodegas Real, Bodegas Félix Solís (Viña Albali), Casa de la Viña and Visán.