The red grape variety comes from France. Synonyms grouped alphabetically by country are Mourvèdre d'Afrique ( Algeria ); Napa Gamay ( Australia. Brazil ); Aramon du Sud-Ouest, Brocol Venant, Cahors, Cot de Cheragas, Folle Noire, Gros Auxerrois, Jan Pierrou, Moutet, Noir de Chartres, Plant de Cros, Plant du Midi, Quercy, Valdiguer, Valdiguier, Venant du Lot ( France ); Napa Gamay, Gamay 15 ( California ). Despite apparently suggesting synonyms or morphological No similarities with the varieties Cot (with synonyms Cahors, Noir de Chartres), Gamay or Monastrell (Mourvèdre) can be confused.
There are some hypotheses regarding the origin. It was most likely found around 1845 by a Jean-Baptiste Valdiguié (+1864) in a vineyard in the municipality of Puylaroque (Tarn-et-Garonne). After a second one, it was found by a Guillaume Valdiguier in the municipality of Aujols in the Lot department a little further east. The parentage is unknown; that of Pierre Galet (1921-2019) suspected Parent-offspring relationship with the variety Merille is DNA standard not yet confirmed. The variety was a cross partner in the two new varieties Melnik 82 and Ranna Melnishka Loza,
The medium to late ripening, productive vine is resistant to real ones mildew, It produces light red red wines with moderate alcohol and tannin content and is therefore often used for rose wines. The variety was widespread in the south of France and occupied just under 5,000 hectares of vineyards at the end of the 1950s. This is also indicated by the synonym Plant du Midi (Plant of the Midi ) there. However, the stock has now shrunk to 134 hectares; widely scattered in Southwest France (Tarn), Languedoc and Provence,
During the US prohibition (1920 to 1933) she was in California very popular under the name Napa Gamay and occupied around 2,500 hectares at the end of the 1990s. The true identity of the variety was only discovered by Pierre Galet in 1980. Here too, the stock has drastically reduced to 134 hectares. There are also small stocks in the United States Oregon and Indiana as in Brazil (4 ha). In 2010, a total of 272 hectares of vineyards were reported (Statistics Kym Anderson ).
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)