The red grape variety comes from France. Synonyms are grouped alphabetically by country Mourvèdre d'Afrique ( Algeria ); Napa Gamay Australia. Brazil ); Aramon du Sud-Ouest, Brocol Venant, Cahors, Cot de Cheragas, Folle Noire, Gros Auxerrois, Jan Pierrou, Moutet, Noir de Chartres, Plant de Cros, Plant du Midi, Quercy, Valdiguer, Valdiguier, Venant du Lot ( France ); Napa Gamay, Gamay 15 ( California ). It may, despite seemingly suggestive synonyms or morphological Similarities do not match the varieties Cot (with synonyms Cahors, Noir de Chartres), Gamay or Monastrell (Mourvèdre) be confused.
Regarding the origin, there are some hypotheses. It was most probably found around 1845 by a Jean-Baptiste Valdiguié (+1864) in a vineyard in the commune of Puylaroque (Tarn-et-Garonne). After a second, she was found by a Guillaume Valdiguier in the municipality Aujols in the slightly more easterly Lot. The parentage is unknown; those of Pierre Galet (* 1921) suspected Parent-offspring relationship with the variety Merille is DNA standard not yet confirmed. The variety was crossing partner in the two new breeds Melnik 82 and Ranna Melnishka Loza,
The medium to late-ripening, high-yielding vine is resistant to the real mildew, It produces bright red wines with moderate alcohol and tannin content and is therefore often used for rosé wines. The variety was widespread in the south of France and occupied the end of the 1950s, nearly 5,000 hectares of vineyards. The synonym Plant du Midi (Plant of the Midi ). However, the stock has shrunk to 134 hectares; widely scattered in Southwest France (Tarn), Languedoc and Provence,
During the US prohibition (1920-1933) she was in California under the name Napa Gamay very popular and occupied end of the 1990s still about 2,500 hectares. The true identity of the variety was first discovered in 1980 by Pierre Galet. Here, too, the stock has drastically reduced to 134 hectares. Small stocks are also available in the US states Oregon and Indiana as in Brazil (4 ha). In 2010, a total of 272 hectares of vineyards were reported (Statistics Kym Anderson ).
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Pictures: Ursula Bruehl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)