The name Valencia applies to the autonomous, Spanish
Region in the Levant
, one of the three provinces of this region (next to Alicante and Castellón de la Plana), for the capital (third largest city in Spain) of the province of Valencia and also for a DO area in the central east of the Iberian Peninsula. The port city of Valencia was already an important transshipment point for wine in Roman times. The Roman poet Juvenal (1st century) names a Sagunto wine in his satires. The scholar also mentions Arnaldus de Villanova
(1240-1311) Valencia wines.
The huge DO area covers 19,500 hectares of vineyards on mainly calcareous soils in almost 70 communities. It is divided into the subzones Alto Turia
with the highest areas at around 800 meters, Clariano
, Moscatel de Valencia
(the largest). The Mediterranean to continental climate is characterized by severe storms and cloudbursts in summer and autumn. Sometimes it becomes artificial irrigation