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Valencia

The name Valencia applies to the autonomous, Spanish Region in the Levant, one of the three provinces of this region (next to Alicante and Castellón de la Plana), for the capital (third largest city in Spain) of the province of Valencia and also for a DO area in the central east of the Iberian Peninsula. The port city of Valencia was already an important transshipment point for wine in Roman times. The Roman poet Juvenal (1st century) names a Sagunto wine in his satires. The scholar also mentions Arnaldus de Villanova (1240-1311) Valencia wines.

The huge DO area covers 19,500 hectares of vineyards on mainly calcareous soils in almost 70 communities. It is divided into the subzones Alto Turia with the highest areas at around 800 meters, Clariano , Moscatel de Valencia and Valentino (the largest). The Mediterranean to continental climate is characterized by severe storms and cloudbursts in summer and autumn. Sometimes it becomes artificial irrigation used.

Important types of white wine are Merseguera, Moscatel Romano ( Muscat d'Alexandrie ) Macabeo, Malvasia ( Planta Nova ), Planta Fina ( Damaschino ) Pedro Ximénez. Tortosina. Verdil. Chardonnay. Sauvignon Blanc. Sémillon and Moscatel de Hungría ( Muscat Blanc?). Important red wine varieties are Monastrell. Bobal. Tempranillo. Garnacha Tinta, Garnacha Tintorera ( Alicante Henri Bouschet ) Forcallat Tinta. Cabernet Sauvignon. Merlot. Pinot Noir and Syrah, The wines are allowed to match those of the western DO area Requena (and vice versa).

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