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DOC / DOCG range for red wines in the north of the Italian region Lombardy in the border area to Switzerland and to South-Tirol, The Swiss writer Hermann Hesse (1877-1962), who lived in this valley for a long time, repeatedly described him as his favorite wine, The commander Prince Albrecht Wenzel Eusebius von Wallenstein (1583-1634) was an excessive wine drinker until he was 30 years old. Due to gout problems, his doctor imposed moderation on him and only recommended this red wine, which Wallenstein held up to his (violent) death. The wines produced here were formerly referred to as Veltliner, but there is no connection with the Austrian Veltliner varieties,

The area includes the municipalities of Ardenno, Piateda, Ponte and Tirano on the right, as well as Albosaggia and Villa di Tirano on the left bank of the Adda River (dt. Valtellina ) in the alpine province Sondrio. With up to 70% (35 °) Tiltsteep vineyards are located on a 45-kilometer route at an altitude between 300 and 700 meters. They cover about 1,000 hectares of vineyards with stony loamy soil and are mostly in sunny southern exposure in dry-stone-supported terraces created. Sometimes the grapes have to be brought down to the valley by pulleys. The nearby Lake Como (Lake Como) has a positive effect. Nearby is the 4,050 meter high Piz Bernina, which offers protection against the north winds.

All red wines (DOC and DOCG) must contain at least 90% Chiavennasca ( Nebbiolo ), and optionally a maximum of 10% of other approved non-aromatic red varieties. If the grapes come from classified vineyards, can Vigna followed by the layer name. The DOC wine is called Valtellina Rosso (also Rosso di Valtellina).

Valtellina Superiore , classified as DOCG in 1998, has one alcohol content of at least 12% vol and must mature for at least 24 months, of which at least 12 months in oak barrels. Of the Riserva must mature at least 36 months. The names of the subzones Grumello (named after a castle), Inferno (hot spot in the valley), Maroggia, Sassella (named after a chapel, is considered the best location), Stagafassli (in the adjacent Swiss part of Veltlin) and Valgella are allowed on the Bottle label, but only in Italian.

The Sforzato di Valtellina or Sfursat di Valtellina classified as DOCG in 2003 is a dry red Strohwein by type Amarone partly rosinierten Grapes. The late harvested grapes are dried on wooden racks for up to three months. The grapes are more traditional maceration slowly fermented. This leads to the reduction of acidity and formation of special flavorings. The ruby ​​red wine must have an alcohol content of at least 14% vol and ripen for at least 20 months, including 12 months in a wooden barrel.

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