DOC / DOCG area for red wines in the north of the Italian region Lombardy in the border area to Switzerland and to South-Tirol, The Swiss writer Hermann Hesse (1877-1962), who lived in this valley for a long time, repeatedly referred to him as his favorite wine, The general, Prince Albrecht Wenzel Eusebius von Wallenstein (1583-1634), was an excessive wine drinker up to the age of 30. His doctor imposed moderation on him due to gout problems and only recommended this red wine, which Wallenstein stuck to until his (violent) death. The wines produced here were formerly known as Veltliners, but there is no connection with the Austrian ones Veltliner varieties,
The zone includes the municipalities of Ardenno, Piateda, Ponte and Tirano on the right, as well as Albosaggia and Villa di Tirano on the left bank of the Adda river. Valtellina ) in the alpine province of Sondrio. The up to 70% (35 °) Tiltsteep vineyards are located on a 45 kilometer route at an altitude between 300 and 700 meters. They cover around 1,000 hectares of vineyards with stony clay soil and are mostly in a sunny, south-facing location supported by dry stone walls terraces created. Some of the grapes have to be brought into the valley on pulleys. The nearby Lago di Como (Lake Como) has a positive effect. Nearby is the 4,050-meter Piz Bernina, which offers protection against the north winds.
All red wines (DOC and DOCG) must have at least 90% Chiavennasca ( Nebbiolo ) and, if necessary, a maximum of 10% other approved non-aromatic red varieties. If the grapes come from classified vineyards, can Vigna followed by the location name. The DOC wine is called Valtellina Rosso (also Rosso di Valtellina).
Valtellina Superiore , classified as DOCG in 1998, has one alcohol content of at least 12% vol and must mature for at least 24 months, of which at least 12 months in wooden barrels. The Riserva must mature at least 36 months. The names of the subzones Grumello (named after a castle), Inferno (hottest location in the valley), Maroggia, Sassella (named after a chapel, is considered the best location), Stagafassli (in the adjacent Swiss part of the Veltlin) and Valgella are also allowed on the Bottle label, but only appear in Italian.
Sforzato di Valtellina or Sfursat di Valtellina , which was classified as DOCG in 2003, is a dry red Strohwein in the manner of Amarone from partially rosinierten Grapes. The grapes harvested late are dried on wooden racks for up to three months. The grapes become more traditional maceration slowly fermented. This leads to a reduction in acidity and the formation of special aromas. The ruby red wine must have an alcohol content of at least 14% vol and must mature for at least 20 months, of which 12 months in wooden barrels.