Department in the southeast France on the Mediterranean coast with the capital Toulon in the political region Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur. It is named after the river of the same name; the river basin of the Var has not been in the department since 1859. It is from the départemens Bouches-du-Rhône (West), Vaucluse ) Northwest), Alpes de Haute-Provence (north) and Alpes-Maritimes (east). The south of the department is formed by the Mediterranean coast with the western Côte d'Azur. Var is the largest French producer of cut flowers. Almost half of the agricultural area is used for viticulture. The winegrowing areas belong to the winegrowing region Provence, The AOC areas are Bandol. Cotes de Provence (a small part of it is in the Bouches-du-Rhône department) and in this as an enclave Coteaux Varois,
The country wine or IGP area is called Var. This can be supplemented by the narrower geographical names Argens, Coteaux du Verdon and Sainte Baume (previously these were independent VdP areas). Other independent IGP areas are Mont-Caume and Maures, Var is also part of the large regional IGP area Méditerranée with other departments.
With around 45%, the rosé wines make up a large proportion of production. They come in different varieties of very bright ones Vins gris to cherry red wines. Around 50% red wines and only 5% white wines are produced. The main red wines are Grenache Noir ( Garnacha Tinta ) Cinsault, Mourvèdre ( Monastrell ) Syrah. Cabernet Sauvignon and Carignan Noir ( mazuelo ). The main types of white wine are Grenache Blanc ( Garnacha Blanca ) Roussanne. Bourboulenc, Role ( Vermentino ), Ugni Blanc ( Trebbiano Toscano ) and Chardonnay,