Département in the southeast France on the Mediterranean coast with the capital Toulon in the political region Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur. It is named after the river of the same name; but the river basin of Var has not been in the Département since 1859. It is owned by the Département Bouches-du-Rhône (West), Vaucluse Northwest), Alpes de Haute-Provence (north) and Alpes-Maritimes (east). The south of the département is the Mediterranean coast with the western Côte d'Azur. Var is the largest French cut flower producer. Almost half of the agricultural area is used for viticulture. The winegrowing areas belong to the winegrowing region Provence, The AOC areas are Bandol. Côtes de Provence (a small part of it is in the department of Bouches-du-Rhône) and in this as an enclave Coteaux Varois,
The country wine or the entire département comprehensive IGP area is called Var. This can be supplemented by the narrower, geographical names of Argens, Coteaux du Verdon and Sainte Baume (formerly these were independent VdP areas). Other standalone IGP areas are Mont-Caume and Maures, Var is also part of the large regional IGP area Méditerranée with other départements.
At around 45%, the rosé wines make up a large share of production. They are available in different variants of very bright Vins gris until cherry-red wines. To about 50% red wines and only 5% white wines are produced. The most important red wines are Grenache Noir ( Garnacha Tinta ) Cinsault, Mourvèdre ( Monastrell ) Syrah. Cabernet Sauvignon and Carignan Noir ( mazuelo ). The most important white wines are Grenache Blanc ( Garnacha Blanca ) Roussanne. Bourboulenc, Role ( Vermentino ), Ugni Blanc ( Trebbiano Toscano ) and Chardonnay,