This term often causes confusion because it is used in the relevant literature different and often wrong. According to "Duden" is a variety (lat. Varietas, dt. Abart or sport, sometimes also race) within a biological classification a slightly different form of a species (lat. Species). In the "Roche Encyclopaedia Medicine", a variety is one of the subspecies subordinate variety, sometimes also referred to as a type . A variant (modification, variety, type, English variant) means a deviation from the comparison or standard type or norm (slightly changed form of something). This term is not used in connection with the botanical order. In general parlance, however, little distinction is made between the two terms variety and variant.
In viticulture, variety is generally defined as a variety in general usage vine Roger that. This name has long been naturalized and existed before systematic botany existed. From a botanical point of view, however, this is not correct, because, strictly speaking, variety may only be used for natural populations (wild forms), but not for cultivated forms. To avoid confusion, one can resort to the terms grape variety or variety. Among botanists, the term cultivar (an artificial word from "cultivated variety") is predominantly used, by which all cultivated varieties by man are to be understood. See also the taxonomic Outline of the grapevine under Vines systematics,
At im glossary contained varieties are often also varieties, variants or Klonmutanten, by mutation have arisen. These differ externally in a few characteristics (eg in the berry color, in the taste or in the leaf shape ), but are due to the (largely) identical genotypes Ampelographisch as identical grape variety. Significant examples of this are the three varieties of the Traminer, as Pinot Noir. Pinot Gris and Pinot Blanc, These are two grape variety groups that are in the genotype are not distinguishable. However, they are managed in practice as independent grape varieties. See also below synonym,