This term often creates confusion as it is used differently and often incorrectly in the relevant literature. According to "Duden" is a variety (Latin Varietas, German variety or sport, sometimes also breed) a slightly different form of a species (Latin species) within a biological system. In the "Roche Medical Lexicon", a variety is a subspecies of a subspecies or variant, which was sometimes also referred to as type . A variant (variation, variety, type of game, English variant) means a deviation from the comparison or standard type or norm (slightly changed form of something). However, this term is not used in connection with the botanical order. In common usage, however, little distinction is made between the two terms variety and variant.
In viniculture, a variety is usually used under variety in common usage vine Roger that. This term has long been naturalized and already existed before systematic botany existed. From a botanical point of view, however, this is not correct because, strictly speaking, the variety may only be used for natural populations (wild forms), but not for cultivated forms. To avoid confusion, you can use the terms grape or variety. The term cultivar (an artificial word from “cultivated variety”) is used predominantly among botanists, which includes all grape varieties cultivated by humans. See also the taxonomic Structure of the vine under Vines systematics,
In the in wine Glossary contained varieties are often game types, variants or Klonmutanten, by mutation have arisen. These differ externally in a few characteristics (e.g. in the berries colour, in the taste or in the leaf shape ), but apply due to the (largely) identical genotypes ampelographically as an identical grape variety. The three varieties of the Traminer, such as Pinot Noir. Pinot gris and Pinot Blanc, There are two groups of grape varieties, which in genotype are indistinguishable. In practice, however, they are managed like independent grape varieties. See also under synonym,
Images: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)