Département in the south-east of France in the political region Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur. It was named after the village of the same name Vaucluse (today Fontaine-de-Vaucluse) and is situated in the middle of the départements Gard (west), Ardèche (northwest), Drôme (northeast), Alpes de Haute-Provence (east), Var (southeast) and Bouches-du-Rhône (south). The western border is formed by the Rhône. At the beginning of the fourteenth century, due to power struggles in Rome, the capital Avignon became the seat of the popes for seventy years and thus the capital of Christianity. Vaucluse is divided into the two regions Provence and Rhône according to wine law. The vineyards cover about 50,000 hectares of vines. The AOC areas are:
The Vaucluse is the name of the IGP area covering the entire département. This can be supplemented by the narrower geographical designations Aigues and Principauté d'Orange. Vaucluse is also part of the large regional IGP area Méditerranée. It produces 75% red, 15% rosé and 10% white wines. The main red wine varieties are Grenache Noir(Garnacha Tinta), Cinsaut, Syrah, Cabernet Sauvignon and Carignan Noir(Mazuelo). The main white wine varieties are Grenache Blanc(Garnacha Blanca), Bourboulenc, Rolle(Vermentino), Ugni Blanc(Trebbiano Toscano) and Chardonnay.