Canton and wine-growing region with the capital Lausanne in the French Switzerland, The vineyards cover 3,882 hectares of vineyards. The beginnings of viticulture date back to the Romans. In the Middle Ages, the Order of the Cistercian important pioneering work, the monks of the most of the still existing vineyards in laborious work on the steep slopes. Since 1995 there is an AOC system with Grand Cru locations. The use of the name Grand Cru is permitted (tolerated) in the whole of the canton, provided that it comes from wines from the vineyards mentioned in the vine register and designations such as Clos (closed vineyard), Château (castle), Domaine (wine-growing domain) or Abbaye (monastic Abbey) wear , The canton is divided into four areas, one is located in the Three-Lakes and three on Lake Geneva (Lac Léman):
Bonvillars actually includes three appellations, there are bonvillars with 195 hectares (with the well-known community Champagne ), Côtes de l'Orbe with 168 hectares - both on Lake Neuchâtel (Lac de Neuchâtel), and Vully on Lake Murten (Lac de Morat) with 50 hectares. However, they are usually referred to together under Bonvillars or rarely as North Vaudois (North Vaud), because it is the northernmost region. A special feature is Vully, because this appellation is about the two cantons Freiburg (107 ha) and Vaud (50 ha). However, the vintners of Vully see themselves as a common wine region, although in between a cantonal border with different cantonal wine law regulations. However, the official Swiss wine guide counts only Vully (at the express request of the winemakers) to the Three Lakes Country, but Bonvillars and Côtes de l'Orbe to Vaud.
Chablais with 560 hectares of vineyards is the area northeast of Lake Geneva and along the right bank of the Rhône between Martigny and Montreux to the border of the canton Wallis, The name derives from Caput Laci (end of the lake). Five municipalities have AOC status and may bear the name on the label, these are Aigle (with the famous Château d'Aigle winegrowing museum), Bex, Ollon, Villeneuve and Yvorne.
Lavaux with 830 hectares of vineyards between Lausanne and Montreux on the eastern shore of Lake Geneva. It is one of the most scenic in Switzerland. Of the 23 municipalities have nine AOC status with some Grand Cru locations. These are calamine (Grand Cru), Chardonne, Dézaley (Grand Cru), Epesses, Lutry, Montreux, Saint Saphorin, Vevey and Vilette. Here there are steep rocky terraces rising from the lake. The vineyards on extreme steep slopes Dézaley and Saint Saphorin were founded by the Cistercians The monastery Hautcrèt Palézieux created in the 12th century. In mid-2007, Lauvax was declared by the UNESCO as a landscape World Heritage declared.
With more than 1,900 hectares, La Côte is by far the largest area, stretching north-west of Lake Geneva from Lausanne to Geneva. Again, the Cistercian monks of the three monasteries Oujon, Romainmoêtier and Bonzmont vineyards. The area contributes a total of 40% of the wine production. Twelve communities have Grand Cru status, including Aubonne, Begnins, Bursinel, Côte de Vincy, Féchy, Luins, Mont-sur-Rolle, Morges (largest area), Nyon, Perroy, Tartegnin and Vinzel.
About 70% of the vineyard covers the Chasselas which is called here Perlan. The wines from this variety will be Dorin or called Terravin for top products. The red varieties occupy about a quarter, especially Pinot Noir with 15% and Gamay with 12%. These are often blended together. The the Dole in the canton Wallis corresponding brand red wine is called Salvagnin here, but the varieties are also pressed separately. In small quantities (around 3%) are still Auxerrois. Charmont. Diolinoir. Gamaret. Garanoir. Gewurztraminer. Merlot. Muscat Blanc. Pinot Blanc. Pinot Gris. Sylvaner (here Johannisberg), Plant Robert and Syrah represented.
A traditional cultural heritage of the Vaud wine region is the 0.7 liter wine bottle. The most important event in the Swiss wine world is the "Fête des Vignerons" in the town of Vevey on the north shore of Lake Geneva. The event dates back to the 17th century, with all winemakers celebrating their work in the vineyard. It is held only every 25 years, the last being in August 1999, the next being between 2021 and 2023. Near the capital Nyon, on Lake Geneva, is the Plant Protection Research Station Changins, The best wines of the canton are made according to strict criteria with the Terravin Seal Awarded "Lauriers d'Or Terravin". Well-known producers are Association Viticole d'Ollon. Association Viticole d'Yvorne. Badoux. Bolle. Bovard. Dubois Fils. mutton. Les Frères Dubois. Massy. colonel. Schenk. Société Vinicole de Bex. testuz and Uvavins,