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Vavilov Nikolai Ivanovich

The Russian botanist and geneticist Nikolai Ivanovich Vavilov (1887-1943) served early as a professor at the Agricultural Institute of Leningrad. In 1927 he presented his so-called "gene center theory" due to his impressions gained during global collecting trips. This assumes that there are centers on Earth with a considerable variety of crops. He pointed out that these gene centers are largely consistent with the areas of origin of agriculture and the first advanced civilizations. Today, as the eight "classical" gene centers of Central America, parts of Peru and Chile, the Mediterranean and parts of the Middle East, India, as well as the former Indochina and the southern China,

This theory is also related to the emergence of more sophisticated varieties whose gene center, among others, in Transcaucasia should lie. However, this gene-center theory was then critically extended by other scientists. During his numerous research trips Vavilov devoted among other things, the descent research of the Wild vines, He bordered on the European vine species Vitis vinifera subspecies named after him Vitis vinifera ssp. caucasica Vavilov (Caucasian wild grape, also Danube wild grape). It is considered a regional expression of the subspecies Vitis vinifera ssp. Sylvestris Gmelin. The name part "Vavilov" is mostly omitted. See also under Asians Vines. Europeans Vines and Vines systematics, as well as a list of relevant keywords below grapevine,

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