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Vavilov Nikolai Ivanovich

The Russian botanist and geneticist Nikolai Ivanovich Vavilov (1887-1943) served early as a professor at the Leningrad Agricultural Institute. In 1927 he presented his so-called "gene center theory" on the basis of his impressions gained from global group tours. This assumes that there are centers on Earth with a considerable variety of crops. He pointed out that these gene centers largely coincide with the origins of agriculture and the first advanced crops. Today, Central America, parts of. Are still considered the eight "classic" gene centers Peru and Chile, the Mediterranean and parts of the Middle East, India, as well as the former Indochina and the southern one China,

This theory is also related to the emergence of cultivated ones varieties, whose gene center is in Transcaucasia should lie. This gene center theory was then also critically expanded by other scientists. During his numerous research trips, Vavilov also devoted himself to researching the lineage of Wild vines, He bordered on the European vine species Vitis vinifera the subspecies Vitis vinifera ssp. caucasica Vavilov (Caucasian wild vine, also Danube wild vine). It is considered a regional expression of the subspecies Vitis vinifera ssp. Sylvestris Gmelin. The part of the name “Vavilov” is mostly left out. See also under Asians Vines. Europeans Vines and Vines systematics, as well as a list of relevant keywords under grapevine,

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