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See below Vin doux naturel,

The sweet, fortified dessert wine has a very old history, the origin is in the French region Roussillon in the eastern Pyrenees. The invention goes to the famous doctor and scholar Arnaldus de Villanova (1240-1311), who experimented with spirits and wine production at the Templars' winery around 1285. He found that adding alcohol to the fermentation stopped and residual sugar is preserved in wine (see under Spriten ). That was when VDN was born and this wine was already very popular in the Middle Ages. When the Kingdom of Mallorca (now Roussillon) came to France in 1659, the Sun King served Louis XIV (1638-1715) this wine to his guests in Versailles. Also the philosopher Voltaire (1694-1778) and the later US president Thomas Jefferson (1743-1826) raved about him.

The name and the manufacturing methods of the VDN were first protected by law in 1872. In 1936 these wines received the AOC classification, the individual areas are divided among the departments Aude....

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