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Venantius Fortunatus

Born in Valdobbiadene near Treviso in Italy, Christian-Latin poet and priest Venantius Honorius Clementianus Fortunatus (530 / 540-610) is regarded as the last Roman poet of late antiquity, but also as the first poet of the Middle Ages. His works represent an important source for the outgoing Gallo Roman culture at the turn of late antiquity to the early Middle Ages. Among other things, he wrote the epic poem "De virtutibus Martini Turonensis" on the sacred Martin of Tours (316-397), today as wine saint is worshiped. Around the year 588 described during a boat trip on the Moselle from Metz to Andernach the beauty of the landscape and also praised the wine similar to his poet colleague Ausonius (310-395). He also mentioned the vineyard Calmont, on which wine was already cultivated by the Romans. He became bishop of the western French town of Poitiers, where he also died. Of his religious poems are known the Passion hymns "Vexilla regis prodeunt" and "Pange lingua gloriosi proelium certaminis" as well as the Marian song "Quem terra pontus aethera". The picture is a fragment of a miniature portrait in an 11th-century manuscript.

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