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Venantius Fortunatus

The Christian-Latin poet and priest Venantius Honorius Clementianus Fortunatus (530 / 540-610) born in Valdobbiadene near Treviso in Italy (530 / 540-610) is considered the last Roman poet of late antiquity, but also the first poet of the Middle Ages. His works are an important source for the outgoing Gallo-Roman culture at the turn from late antiquity to the early Middle Ages. Among other things, he wrote the verse poem "De virtutibus Martini Turonensis" on the saint Martin of Tours (316-397), now known as wine saint is worshiped. Around 588 described a boat trip on the Moselle from Metz to Andernach the beauty of the landscape and also praised the wine like its fellow poet Ausonius (310-395). He also mentioned the vineyard Calmont, on which viticulture was already practiced by the Romans. He became bishop of the western French city of Poitiers, where he also died. From his religious poems the passion hymns "Vexilla regis prodeunt" and "Pange lingua gloriosi proelium certaminis" as well as the Marienlied "Quem terra pontus aethera" are known. The picture is a detail from a miniature portrait in an 11th century manuscript.

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