The region (Italian Veneto) is located in the northeast Italy and borders four other regions. These are Friuli-Venezia Giulia in the East, Trentino-Alto Adige and Lombardy in the west, as well Emilia-Romagna in the south. The northern tip is adjacent Austria, The landscape or the climate is also characterized by the 150-kilometer-long Adriatic coast. The lush wine landscape has been already by the Etruscans farmed. Later, the Romans came and estimated that of Pliny the Elder (23-79) mentioned ancient wine Raeticum, supposedly a forerunner of today Recioto wines, In the 15th century the galleys dominated the republic Venice (which proudly called "Serenissima" = the "illustrious one") the Mediterranean. At this time, the viticulture flourished.
The vineyards cover 80,000 hectares of vineyards on stony, calcareous and covered with reddish brown soil. Veneto is the third largest Italian winegrowing region. They are located in the plains on the Adriatic coast, at the Po and in the mountains Lake Garda, The foothills of the Alps in the north protect against inclement weather. In the hilly hinterland with a cooler climate mainly white wines are produced and on the warmer coast mainly red wines. The most famous Venetian wines are the two red wines Bardolino and Valpolicella from the area around the Gardasse, as well as the foaming versions of the Prosecco, Around 60% of production is accounted for by DOC / DOCG wines. About two thirds are from the area around the city of Verona, which is considered the wine center of Italy. Here is the annual wine fair Vinitaly instead of.
There are many in the DOC / DOCG regulations autochthonous Sorts. The most important red wines are Barbera. Cabernet Franc. Cabernet Sauvignon. Carmenère. Cavrara. Corbina, Corvina / Cruina ( Corvina Veronese ) Corvinone. enantio. Groppello di Mocasina or Groppello di Santo Stefano, Groppello Gentile. Incrocio Manzoni 2.15. Manzoni Bianco. Manzoni Moscato. Marzemino. Merlot. Molinara, Pinot Nero ( Pinot Noir ) Raboso Piave or Friularo, Raboso Veronese. Recantina. Refosco dal Peduncolo Rosso. Rondinella, Rosetta ( Rossignola ) Sangiovese. Schiava Grossa. Schiava Gentile. Schiava Grigia, Tai Rosso ( Garnacha Tinta ) and Turchetta,
The most important white wines are Bianchetta ( Bianchetta Trevigiana ) Chardonnay. Cortese or Bianca Fernanda, durella, Friulano / Tai / Tuchì - formerly Tocai Friulano ( Sauvignonasse ) Garganega. Glera or Serprina - former Prosecco Tondo, Glera Lunga - former Prosecco Lunga, Malvasia Istriana ( Malvasia Istarska ) Manzoni Bianco. Manzoni Rosa. Marzemina Bianca, Moscato or Moscato Bianco ( Muscat Blanc ), Moscato Giallo ( Goldmuskateller ), Moscato Fior d'Arancio ( Muscat Fleur d'Oranger ) Müller-Thurgau. Nosiola. Perera Pinello ( Pinella ), Pinot Bianco ( Pinot Blanc ), Pinot Grigio ( Pinot gris ) Raboso Piave. Raboso Veronese, Riesling Italico ( Riesling ), Riesling Renano ( Riesling ), Sauvignon ( Sauvignon Blanc ), Trebbiano di Soave or Boschera ( Verdicchio Bianco ) Trebbiano Toscano. Verdiso. Verduzzo Friulano. Verduzzo Trevigiano and vespaiola,
The 10 IGT areas (or IGP - the land wines) are Alto Livcenza, Colli Trevigiani, Conselvano, Marca Travigiana, Trevenezie, Vallagarina, Veneto, Veneto Orientale, Verona (or Veronese) and Vigneti delle Dolomiti (or Vineyards Dolomites). The 44 DOC / DOCG areas are: