The region (Italian Veneto) is in the northeast Italy and borders on four other regions. These are Friuli-Venezia Giulia in the East, Trentino-Alto Adige and Lombardy in the west, as well Emilia-Romagna in the south. The northern tip borders Austria, The landscape and the climate are also characterized by the 150 km long Adriatic coast. The lush wine landscape was already from the Etruscans farmed. Later the Romans came and appreciated the von Pliny the Elder (23-79) mentioned ancient wine Raeticum, supposedly a forerunner of today Recioto wines, In the 15th century the galleys dominated the republic Venice (which proudly called "Serenissima" = the "illustrious") the Mediterranean. At that time, viticulture experienced a heyday.
The vineyards cover 80,000 hectares of vineyards on stony, calcareous soils covered with red-brown earth. Veneto is the third largest Italian wine region. They are located in the plains on the Adriatic coast, on the Po and in the mountains on Lake Garda, The foothills of the Alps in the north protect against harsh weather. In the hilly hinterland with a cooler climate mainly white wines are produced and on the warmer coast mainly red wines are produced. The best-known Venetian wines are the two red wines Bardolino and Valpolicella from the area around the Gardasse, as well as the foaming versions of the Prosecco, DOC / DOCG wines account for around 60% of production. Around two thirds come from the area around the city of Verona, which is considered the wine center of Italy. The wine fair takes place here every year Vinitaly instead of.
There are many in the DOC / DOCG regulations autochthonous Sorts. The main red wine varieties are Barbera. Cabernet Franc. Cabernet Sauvignon. Carmenère. Cavrara. Corbina, Corvina / Cruina ( Corvina Veronese ) Corvinone. enantio. Groppello di Mocasina or Groppello di Santo Stefano, Groppello Gentile. Incrocio Manzoni 2.15. Manzoni Bianco. Manzoni Moscato. Marzemino. Merlot. Molinara, Pinot Nero ( Pinot Noir ) Raboso Piave or Friularo, Raboso Veronese. Recantina. Refosco dal Peduncolo Rosso. Rondinella, Rosetta ( Rossignola ) Sangiovese. Schiava Grossa. Schiava Gentile. Schiava Grigia, Tai Rosso ( Garnacha Tinta ) and Turchetta,
The main types of white wine are Bianchetta ( Bianchetta Trevigiana ) Chardonnay. Cortese or Bianca Fernanda, durella, Friulano / Tai / Tuchì - formerly Tocai Friulano ( Sauvignonasse ) Garganega. Glera or Serprina - formerly Prosecco Tondo, Glera Lunga - formerly Prosecco Lunga, Malvasia Istriana ( Malvazija Istarska ) Manzoni Bianco. Manzoni Rosa. Marzemina Bianca, Moscato or Moscato Bianco ( Muscat Blanc ), Moscato Giallo ( Goldmuskateller ), Moscato Fior d'Arancio ( Muscat Fleur d'Oranger ) Müller-Thurgau. Nosiola. Perera, Pinello ( Pinella ), Pinot Bianco ( Pinot Blanc ), Pinot Grigio ( Pinot gris ) Raboso Piave. Raboso Veronese, Riesling Italico ( Riesling ), Riesling Renano ( Riesling ), Sauvignon ( Sauvignon Blanc ), Trebbiano di Soave or Boschera ( Verdicchio Bianco ) Trebbiano Toscano. Verdiso. Verduzzo Friulano. Verduzzo Trevigiano and vespaiola,
The 10 IGT areas (or IGP - the country wines) are Alto Livcenza, Colli Trevigiani, Conselvano, Marca Travigiana, Trevenezie, Vallagarina, Veneto, Veneto Orientale, Verona (or Veronese) and Vigneti delle Dolomiti (or vineyards Dolomites). The 44 DOC / DOCG areas are: