The current capital of the Italian province of Venice and the region Veneto lies on around 120 small islands in the Laguna Veneta. It is built on piles and has 160 channels with 400 bridges. Venice was already a naval power in the 8th century. The independent city republic was formed in the 11th century under the leadership of the Doges. Around 1000 Venice began to subdue the coasts of Istria and Dalmatia (today's Croatia ) and during the Crusades a colonial empire developed in the Balkans to Asia Minor. In 1203 Constantinople was conquered and the Byzantine Empire was destroyed. Among other things, the island came into temporary possession Crete as well as today's Lebanon, Between 1386 and 1797 there were many over 400 years ionian islands dominated on the Greek west coast. Towards the end of the 15th century Cyprus won, which belonged to Venice until 1571. The famous port city was also sold twice in history Monemvasia on the peninsula Peloponnese for a long time under the rule of the city-state.
In the 16th century, the manufacture of products had started in Venice Glass developed into a true championship. Lots of artfully designed glassware including among them wine glasses were exported all over the world at that time. In the 15th century Venice had 200,000 inhabitants and had a huge trading and war fleet. After long struggles it finally succumbed to the far superior Turkish power in the 17th century. By French troops under the emperor Napoleon (1769-1821) the state of Venice was abolished in 1797. After the Vienna Congress in 1815 he came to Austria (Lombardy-Venetian Kingdom) and in 1866 to Italy. In the Middle Ages, Venice did not have its own vineyards or vineyards. However, the city became an important transshipment point for wine alongside Genoa Aegean islands. Crete (especially sweet wine), Tyros ( Lebanon ) and from different areas of Italy ( Lombardy. Brands ) introduced and to Constantinople and Europe ( England, Flanders, Paris) was sold. See also under Italy,