The current capital of the Italian province of Venice and the region Veneto
lies on some 120 small islands in the Laguna Veneta. It is built on stilts and has 160 canals with 400 bridges. Already in the 8th century Venice was a naval power. The independent city republic formed in the 11th century under the leadership of the Doge. Around 1000, Venice began to subdue the coasts of Istria and Dalmatia (today's Croatia
) and during the Crusades a colonial empire arose in the Balkans as far as Asia Minor. In 1203 Constantinople was conquered and the Byzantine Empire destroyed. Among other things, came in temporary possession of the island Crete
as well as today's Lebanon
, In the period 1386 to 1797 many were Ionian Islands
dominated on the Greek west coast. Towards the end of the 15th century Cyprus
which belonged to Venice until 1571. Twice was also the famous port city Monemvasia
on the Peloponnese peninsula for a long time under the rule of the city-state.
In the 16th century, the manufacture of products in Venice had begun Glass
developed into a true mastery. Many artfully crafted glassware including one among them wine glasses
were exported to the whole world at the time. In the 15th century Venice had 200,000 inhabitants and had a huge trading and war fleet. After long struggles, however, it finally succumbed to the Turkish power in the 17th century. Under French troops Napoleon
(1769-1821) the state of Venice was abolished in 1797. After the Congress of Vienna in 1815 he came to Austria (Lombard-Venetian Kingdom) and in 1866 to Italy. In the Middle Ages, Venice had no own vineyards or viticulture. However, the city was next to Genoa an important trading center for wine, by the Aegean islands
(especially sweet wine), Tyros ( Lebanon
) and from different parts of Italy ( Lombardy
) and to Constantinople and Europe ( England
, Flanders, Paris).