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Verdelho

The white grape variety comes from Portugal. Synonyms are grouped alphabetically by country Verdelho Branco, Verdelho Branco dos Açores, Verdelho da Madeira, Verdelho dos Açores, Verdelho Pico ( Portugal ); Verdello no Peluda Finca Natero ( Canary Islands ). Despite seemingly indicative synonyms or morphological She may not share similarities with the varieties Chenin Blanc. docal (Verdelho Doce), Godello (Verdelho) Verdejo. Verdello or Verdicchio Bianco be confused. The variety Verdelho Roxo is a colored mutation, The variety Verdelho Tinto is however independent. Latest DNA analysis have a Parent-offspring relationship to the variety Savagnin Blanc ( Traminer ). Long existing guesses that Verdelho identical with the Verdicchio Bianco and one clone Chenin Blanc was disproved.

The early ripening vine is prone to Botrytis and Verrieseln, a little less prone to the real and the wrong mildew but resistant to drought, Their sugar-rich berries produce neutral, alcohol-rich and acidic white wines. The variety was in the 17th century Madeira planted extensively; before the arrival of the phylloxera she occupied two-thirds of the vineyard on this Portuguese island. It is one of the four noble varieties for the famous dessert wine and gave the name to a Madeira variety. Today she occupies 75 hectares of vineyards here. On the Azores it is the main constituent of the DOC wines Biscoitos, Graciosa and Pico. On the mainland she is in the area Alentejo cultivated. The variety had a total of 397 hectares in 2010 in Portugal.

In France was the variety in the early 19th century in Savennières introduced at the Loire. It was reintroduced into the French list of varieties following a temporary elimination in 1995, but no stocks were recorded in 2010. To a greater extent, she will be in Australia (Hunter Valley, McLaren Vale) grown on 1,535 hectares. There are smaller areas in Argentina (16 ha), Brazil (1 ha), New Zealand (5 ha) and South Africa (25 ha). Acreage totaled 2,005 hectares in 2010, with a strong upward trend.

Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012

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