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Verdelho

The white grape variety comes from Portugal. Synonyms alphabetically grouped by country are Verdelho Branco, Verdelho Branco dos Açores, Verdelho da Madeira, Verdelho dos Açores, Verdelho Pico ( Portugal ); Verdello no Peluda Finca Natero ( Canary Islands ). Despite apparently indicative synonyms or morphological It must not be similar to the varieties Chenin Blanc. docal (Verdelho Doce), Godello (Verdelho) Verdejo. Verdello or Verdicchio Bianco be confused. The Verdelho Roxo variety is a colored one mutation, The variety Verdelho Tinto is however independent. Latest DNA analysis have a Parent-offspring relationship to the Savagnin Blanc variety ( Traminer ) result. Long-standing assumptions that Verdelho are identical and one with the Verdicchio Bianco clone by Chenin Blanc were refuted.

The early ripening vine is susceptible to Botrytis and Verrieseln, a little less susceptible to the real and the wrong mildew but resistant to drought, Their sugar-rich berries produce neutral, alcohol-rich and acidic white wines. The variety was born in the 17th century Madeira planted on a large scale; before arrival of the phylloxera she occupied two thirds of the vineyard on this Portuguese island. It is one of the four noble varieties for the famous dessert wine and gave the name to a Madeira variant. Today it occupies 75 hectares of vineyards. On the Azores it is the main component of the DOC wines Biscoitos, Graciosa and Pico. On the mainland it is in the area Alentejo cultured. The variety occupied a total of 397 hectares in Portugal in 2010.

In France the variety was introduced in the early 19th century Savennières introduced on the Loire. It was reintroduced into the French variety list after a temporary elimination in 1995, but no stocks were recorded in 2010. To a larger extent, it is in Australia (Hunter Valley, McLaren Vale) grown on 1,535 hectares. There are smaller areas in Argentina (16 ha), Brazil (1 ha), New Zealand (5 ha) and South Africa (25 ha). In 2010, the acreage totaled 2,005 hectares with a rapidly increasing trend.

Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012

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