The white grape variety comes from Italy, Synonyms are Angelica, Boschera, Boschera Bianca, Duropersico, Lugana, Maggiore, Marchigiano, Mazzanico, Niuivres, Peloso, Pevarise, Peverella, Peverenda, Peverise Bianco, Pfefferer, Pfeffertraube, Pievana, Terbiana, Trebbiano di Lonigo, Trebbiano di Lugana, Trebbiano di Lugana Soave, Trebbiano di Verona, Trebbiano Nostrano, Trebbiano Valtenesi, Trebbiano Verde, Trebbiano Veronese, Turbiana, Turbiano, Turviana, Uva Marana, Verdetto, Verdicchio, Verdicchio Bianko, Verdicchio Dolce, Verdicchio Doratel, Verdicchio Doratello, Verdicchio Marchall Marino, Verdicchio Peloso, Verdicchio Sroccarello, Verdicchio Seroccarello, Verdicchio Straccione, Verdicchio Stretto, Verdicchio Verdaro, Verdicchio Verde, Verdicchio Vero, Verdicchio Verzello, Verdone, Verdurella, Verdusca, Verduschia, Verdusco and Verzello Verde.
Despite apparently suggesting synonyms or morphological No similarities with Maceratino (Verdicchio Marino), Perera (Pevarise) Trebbiano Romagnolo. Verdeca (Verdone) Verdelho or Verdello (Verdetto) to be confused. The origin of the variety is unknown, the parents are probably already extinct. According to 2001 DNA analysis is the in Lombardy and Veneto Cultivated variety identical to Trebbiano di Soave. This also applies to the Lombard varieties Trebbiano Valtenesi and Trebbiano di Lugana, as well as Peverella (pepper) from Trentino. Further studies showed a close relationship between Verdicchio Bianco and Maceratino, Finally, according to analyzes carried out in 2007, there is between the pink berry variety Verdicchio (differs from Verdicchio Bianco) and mammolo a Parent-offspring relationship,
According to a non-verifiable hypothesis, the origin is said to date back to the time of the Etruscan traced. According to another hypothesis, it should (like other varieties) be a descendant of the ancient Aminea be by the Roman authors Columella (1st century AD) and Pliny the Elder (AD 23-79) was mentioned. According to a legend, the Visigothic king Alarich (370-410) strengthened his army with this wine before the conquest of Rome in 410. The surely very old variety probably comes from Veneto and was in the 15th century in the Brands introduced. A variety called "Verdicchio" was mentioned by the naturalist Costanzo Felici (1525-1585) in Marken 1569.
Especially in the 1950s and 1960s, Verdicchio wine became known outside of Italy. The trading company Fazi-Battaglia introduced an amphora-like bottle with a scroll on the bottle neck in the early 1950s. This contributed (wrongly) to a negative image. There was hardly an Italian eatery in many European countries that did not use the kitschy fishing nets and Verdicchio bottles in its interior. The medium to late ripening vine is susceptible to both mildews, as well as especially for Botrytis and bunch rot, It produces acidic white wines with aromas of lemons, apples, peaches and bitter almonds with aging potential, which are also suitable for the production of sparkling wine.
Today she is mostly under Verdicchio Bianco especially in the Brands cultivated where they are in the DOC / DOCG wines Castelli di Jesi Verdicchio Riserva. Colli Maceratesi. esino. Falerio dei Colli Ascolani. Lacrima di Morro d'Alba. Verdicchio dei Castelli di Jesi and Verdicchio di Matelica is allowed. But it is also in Abruzzo. Lazio. Lombardy. Sardinia. Tuscany. Umbria and Veneto grown where it is also found in numerous DOC / DOC wines. These are, among other things Capriano del Colle. Castelli Romani. Colli Albani. Colli Berici. Colli di Conegliano. lugana. Marino. Montecompatri-Colonna. Monte Tondo. Recioto di Soave and Soave,
The Italian acreage amounts to a total of 3,526 hectares of vineyards. It is also sold overseas in small quantities Argentina (2 ha), Brazil (4 ha) and in the USA ( California ) grown. Compared to 2000 with 5,043 hectares at the time, there was a reduction of around a third. The variety occupied a total of 3,532 hectares of vineyards in 2010. It lies in the worldwide varieties ranking at rank 134.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)