Synonym (also Verema, Vereneta) for the grape variety Monastrell; look there.
The red grape variety comes from Spain. The approximately 100 Synonyms testify to the old age and the wide distribution. The most important of which are grouped alphabetically by country (the other main names are marked in bold) Mataro ( Australia. California ); Balsac Noir, Balthazar, Balzac Noir, Beausset, Bon Avis, Catalan, Clairette Noire, Espagne, Espar, Marseilles, Morvede, Mourvede, Mourvedon, Mourvèdre , Murviedro, Plant de Ledenon, Plant de Saint Gilles ( France ); Negria ( Greece ); Rossola Nera ( Corsica ); Alcallata, Alcayata, Alicante, Benada, Benadu, Berardi, Garrut, Gayata, Gayata Tinta, Mataró , Monastre, Monastrel, Monastrell Garrut, Morastrell, Negrette, Negre Trinchiera, Ros, Tintilla, Torrent, Trinchiera, Verema, Veremeta, Vereneta Spain ).
The variety was already in 1381 in Empordà (Catalonia) by the monk Francisc Eiximenis (1340-1409) mentioned together with the Bobal as the main varieties in Valencia. The name probably derives from "monasterio" (monastery). This may be an indication that the variety was first cultivated and distributed by monks. The exact origin is probably the area around the city of Sagunto in the province of Valencia. Sagunto was an important wine port north of Valencia and was called until the year 1877 in Catalan Murviedro, from which probably derives the French main name Mourvèdre.