The white grape variety comes from the Mediterranean, mglw. Italy. Garbesso, Garbessu, Malvasie, Malvoisie du Douro, Rolle, Rollé, Verlentin, Varlentin are grouped alphabetically by country. France ); Favorita Bianca, Favorita Bianca, Favorita d'Alba, Favorita di Alba, Favorita di Conegliano, Formentino, Pigato, Sapaiola, Vermentini, Vermentino Bianco, Vermentino di Gallura, Vermentino Pigato Italy ); Malvasia, Malvasia à Bonifacio, Malvasia Bonifacio, Malvasia de Corse, Malvoisie à Gros Grains, Malvoisie Corse, Malvoisie de Corse, Verlantin, Varlantin, Vermentinu ( Corsica ). It may, despite seemingly suggestive synonyms or morphological Similarities do not match the varieties Brustiano Bianco. Carica l'Asino. Drupeggio. Nascetta or roller blind be confused; However, family relationships are possible. In some sources the variety becomes Pigato (Vermentino Pigato) as mutation designated by Vermentino.
By DNA analysis It was already established in the 1990s that the three varieties Favorita (Piedmont, first mentioned in 1676), Pigato (Liguria, first mentioned 15th century) and Vermentino (Italy, France, Corsica) are identical. According to a hypothesis, it is said to be in the 13th or 14th century by Madeira to reach Italy via the Spanish mainland and Corsica. Other hypotheses go from one source to another Greece or in the Middle East. There is no evidence for that. A suspected one Parent-offspring relationship with Nascetta is unconfirmed. Likewise, there is no genetic evidence for a suspected mutation of the sort Vermentino Nero,
The medium-maturing, high-yielding vine thrives especially near the sea. The name Pigato derives from the dialect expression "piga" or "pigau" for the stained grape skins. The variety is sensitive to early frost, as well as prone to wrong mildew and the grape, According to the different growing areas, the wines can be quite different. As a rule, the variety produces aromatic to spicy white wines with aromas of citrus, herbs or stone fruit and a slightly bitter aftertaste.
In Italy The variety is mainly in the regions Liguria (there Pigato is declared as independent in the DOC regulations), Piedmont and Sardinia, as well as in Apulia. Lazio. Tuscany and Umbria grown. The Italian acreage amounts to a total of 5,046 hectares. It is approved in many DOC / DOCG white wines, these include Alghero. Bolgheri. Candia dei Colli Apuani. Colli del Trasimeno. Colli di Luni. Colline di Levanto. Colline Lucchesi. Golfo del Tigullio-Portofino. Montecucco. Monteregio di Massa Marittima. Piemonte. Riviera Ligure di Ponente. Val di Cornia. Val Polcèvera. Vermentino di Gallura (DOCG) and Vermentino di Sardegna,
In France The variety occupies a total of 3,569 hectares of vineyards, especially in the department var in the Provence, in the department Hérault in the Languedoc-Roussillon and on the island Corsica, There are also more stocks Malta, in the Lebanon, in the US states California. North Carolina. Texas and Virginia, as in Australia and Brazil, The variety occupied in 2010 a total of 8,617 hectares of vineyards with a strong upward trend (ten years earlier it was 5,835 hectares). It occupies it in the worldwide varieties ranking the rank 78.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Pictures: MIPAAF - National Vine Certification Service