The white grape variety comes from the Mediterranean, possibly. Italy. Synonyms grouped alphabetically by country are Garbesso, Garbessu, Malvasie, Malvoisie du Douro, Rolle, Rollé, Verlentin, Varlentin ( France ); Carica l'Asino, Favorita, Favorita Bianca, Favorita Bianca di Conegliano, Favorita d'Alba, Favoritia di Alba, Favorita di Conegliano, Formentino, Pigato, Sapaiola, Vermentini, Vermentino Bianco, Vermentino di Gallura, Vermentino Pigato ( Italy ); Malvasia, Malvasia à Bonifacio, Malvasia Bonifacio, Malvasia de Corse, Malvasia Grossa, Malvoisie à Gros Grains, Malvoisie Corse, Malvoisie de Corse, Verlantin, Varlantin, Vermentinu ( Corsica ). Despite seemingly indicative synonyms or morphological No similarities to the varieties Brustiano Bianco. Carica l'Asino. Drupeggio. Nascetta or roller blind be confused; kinship relationships are possible. In some sources, the variety Pigato (Vermentino Pigato) as mutation designated by Vermentino.
By DNA analysis Already in the 1990s it was found that the three varieties Favorita (Piedmont, first mentioned in 1676), Pigato (Liguria, first mentioned in the 15th century) and Vermentino (Italy, France, Corsica) are identical. According to a hypothesis, it is said to have been in the 13th or 14th century Madeira reached Italy via mainland Spain and Corsica. Other hypotheses come from an origin Greece or in the Middle East. There is no evidence of this. One suspected Parent-offspring relationship with nascetta is unconfirmed. There is also no genetic evidence for a suspected mutation of the variety Vermentino Nero,
The medium-ripening, productive vine thrives particularly close to the sea. The name Pigato is derived from the dialect expression "piga" or "pigau" for the spotty berry bowls. The variety is sensitive to early frost and prone to wrong people mildew and the grape, Depending on the different growing areas, the wines can be quite different. As a rule, the variety produces aromatic to spicy white wines with aromas of citrus, herbs or stone fruit and a slightly bitter aftertaste.
In Italy the variety is mainly found in the regions Liguria (There, Pigato is stated as independent in the DOC regulations), Piedmont and Sardinia, as well as in Apulia. Lazio. Tuscany and Umbria grown. The Italian acreage totals 5,046 hectares. It is approved in many DOC / DOCG white wines, these include Alghero. Bolgheri. Candia dei Colli Apuani. Colli del Trasimeno. Colli di Luni. Colline di Levanto. Colline Lucchesi. Golfo del Tigullio-Portofino. Montecucco. Monteregio di Massa Marittima. Piemonte. Riviera Ligure di Ponente. Val di Cornia. Val Polcèvera. Vermentino di Gallura (DOCG) and Vermentino di Sardegna,
In France the variety occupies a total of 3,569 hectares of vineyards, especially in the department var in the Provence, in the department Hérault in the Languedoc-Roussillon and on the island Corsica, There are also other stocks Malta, in the Lebanon, in the United States California. North Carolina. Texas and Virginia, as in Australia and Brazil, In 2010, the variety occupied a total of 8,617 hectares of vines with a rapidly increasing trend (ten years earlier it was 5,835 hectares). It thus proves worldwide varieties ranking rank 78.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images: MIPAAF - National Vine Certification Service