The white grape variety comes from Sardinia ( Italy ) or maybe off Spain, It is one of many varieties Vernaccia in the name of. Synonyms include Aregu Biancu, Aregu Seulu, Cagnaccia, Carnaccia, Carnaggia, Cranaccia, Garnaccia, Granazza, Varnaccia, Vernaccia, Vernaccia Austera, Vernaccia Orosei, Vernaccia di Santa Rosalia, Vernaccia di San Vero Milis, Vernaccia di S. Vero Milis and Vernaccia S. Rosalia. According to a hypothesis, she is said by the Phoenicians over the 800 BC Tharros, founded by them, has been brought to Sardinia in the 3rd century BC. That would also confirm an often suspected Spanish origin. The very old variety was first mentioned in 1327 in a law text in Iglesias in the southwest of the island. After personal information of Dr. med. Erika Maul ( Julius Kühn Institute ) is the species Spergola identical.
The medium to late-ripening vine is particularly susceptible to the real and fake mildew, as well as sensitive to late frost, It provides aging with appropriate aging white wines with a more neutral taste. The variety is almost exclusively in the DOC area Vernaccia di Oristano grown in the lower part of the Valle del Tirso in the province of Oristano. There she is used for a wide variety of types of wine from dry to sweet and also for fortified wines Sherry style used. The acreage in 2010 was 272 hectares, with a strong decline; Ten years earlier, it had been 565 hectares (Kym Anderson ).
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Pictures: MIPAAF - National Vine Certification Service