The white grape variety comes from Sardinia ( Italy ) or maybe from Spain, It is one of the many varieties with Vernaccia in the name of. Synonyms are Aregu Biancu, Aregu Seulu, Cagnaccia, Carnaccia, Carnaggia, Cranaccia, Garnaccia, Granazza, Varnaccia, Vernaccia, Vernaccia Austera, Vernaccia Orosei, Vernaccia di Santa Rosalia, Vernaccia di San Vero Milis, Vernaccia di Veroccia Rosalia. According to a hypothesis, it should go through Phoenicians about the 800 BC BC, they founded the port city of Tharros in Sardinia. This would also confirm an often suspected Spanish origin. The very old variety was first mentioned in a legal text in Iglesias in the southwest of the island in 1327. According to Dr. Erika Maul ( Julius Kühn Institute ) is the variety Spergola identical.
The medium to late ripening vine is particularly susceptible to the real and the wrong mildew, as well as sensitive to late frost, With appropriate expansion, it produces aging white wines with a more neutral taste. The variety is almost exclusively in the DOC area Vernaccia di Oristano grown in the lower part of the Valle del Tirso in the province of Oristano. There it is used for a wide variety of wine types from dry to sweet and also for fortified wines in the Sherry style used. The area under cultivation in 2010 was 272 hectares with a strongly falling trend; ten years earlier it had been 565 hectares (Kym Anderson ).
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images: MIPAAF - National Vine Certification Service