The white grape variety comes from Trentino-Alto Adige ( Italy ) or off France, Synonyms are Versailler, White Versoalen and White Versailler. The strange name could come from the local dialect word "verdolen" for "green" with regard to berry color or "versoaln" in connection with the Pergola trellising be derived. A third interpretation refers to a spell of "Versailles" and the legend that it was introduced to northern Italy from there in the 15th century by Count Schlandesberg, owner of Castel Katzenzungen in the municipality of Tisens Prissian between Bolzano and Merano (Bolzano province) , Anyway showed DNA analysis that the profile does not match any known variety. But it has ampelographic Resemblance to Schiava Grossa, The medium-ripening vine is susceptible to both mildews and bunch rot, It produces acidic white wines with aromas of green apples and apricots.
An ancient one Rebstock is located in the municipality of Tisens Prissian near the stone bridge of the castle and is marked with a sign "Europe's largest grapevine". According to the above legend, it was planted by Count Schlandesberg at the beginning of the 15th century, which would result in an age of over 600 years. According to analyzes by the University of Göttingen, the vine is actually “only” 350 years old. But it is still one of the oldest and largest vines Europe (maybe also the world), because the huge leaf roof extends over 350 m². The ancient plant is from the experimental center Laimburg maintained in Auer / Ora. In the meantime, 100 new branches have been planted. Around 500 numbered bottles of wine are pressed from the vines each year. See also other superlatives in viticulture below Records,
Picture: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)