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Vertical shoot positioning

See below espalier,

General term for the world's most common and oldest education system for wine grapes, It has been in the antiquity used by the Romans. In horticulture it is used for many types of fruit. For ornamental vines or table grapes Education for decorative purposes is often carried out on a wall either free-climbing or using trellis aids such as wooden frames or lattices. In wine grapes cultivated in the vineyard are the shoots secured or guided by support systems in countless variations in the desired shape.

In this system, a vertical, that is vertical foliage wall (trellis) formed by means of several wires (but you could also the horizontal overhead system such as pergola as a trellis). The foliage wall has a thickness of about 20 to 30 cm. As a rule of thumb, a maximum of 15 shoots per running meter are formed in order to avoid compaction. There is a lower espalier education or after the inventor Jules Guyot also Guyot...

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